Effect of Hypoalbuminemia on Mortality in Cirrhotic Patients with Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
學年 112
學期 2
出版(發表)日期 2024-03-08
作品名稱 Effect of Hypoalbuminemia on Mortality in Cirrhotic Patients with Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
著者 Hung, T. H.; Ko, P. H.; Wang, C. Y.; Tsai, C. C.; Lee, H. F.
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數 Tzu Chi Medical Journal 36(1), p.92-97
摘要 Objectives: The impact of hypoalbuminemia on the short-term and long-term mortality of cirrhotic patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP), both with and without renal function impairment, remains insufficiently elucidated based on population-based data. Materials and Methods: We retrieved data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance Database encompassing 14,583 hospitalized patients diagnosed with both cirrhosis and SBP during the period from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2013. Prognostic factors influencing 30-day and 3-year survival were computed. Furthermore, the impact of hypoalbuminemia on the mortality rate among SBP patients, with or without concurrent renal function impairment, was also assessed. Results: The 30-day mortality rates for patients with SBP, comparing those with hypoalbuminemia and those without, were 18.3% and 29.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). Similarly, the 3-year mortality rates for SBP patients with hypoalbuminemia and those without were 73.7% and 85.8%, respectively (P < 0.001). Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, adjusted for patients’ gender, age, and comorbid conditions, substantiated that individuals with hypoalbuminemia exhibit an inferior 30-day survival (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.62, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.51–1.74, P < 0.001) and reduced 3-year survival (HR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.50–1.63, P < 0.001) in comparison to those lacking hypoalbuminemia. Among SBP patients with renal function impairment, those presenting hypoalbuminemia also experienced diminished 30-day survival (HR: 1.81, 95% CI 1.57–2.07, P < 0.001) as well as reduced 3-year survival (HR: 1.70, 95% CI 1.54–1.87, P < 0.001). Likewise, in SBP patients without renal function impairment, the presence of hypoalbuminemia was associated with poorer 30-day survival (HR: 1.54, 95% CI 1.42–1.67, P < 0.001) and 3-year survival (HR: 1.53, 95% CI 1.46–1.60, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Among cirrhotic patients with SBP, the presence of hypoalbuminemia predicts inferior short-term and long-term outcomes, regardless of renal function.
關鍵字 Cirrhosis;Hypoalbuminemia;Mortality;Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis
語言 zh_TW
ISSN 2223-8956; 1016-3190
期刊性質 國內
收錄於 ESCI
國別 TWN
出版型式 ,電子版,紙本

機構典藏連結 ( http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/125248 )