Surveying the Whirlpool at Arcseconds with NOEMA (SWAN). I. Mapping the HCN and N2H+ 3mm lines
學年 112
學期 1
出版(發表)日期 2023-12-20
作品名稱 Surveying the Whirlpool at Arcseconds with NOEMA (SWAN). I. Mapping the HCN and N2H+ 3mm lines
著者 Sophia K. Stuber; Jerome Pety; Eva Schinnerer; Frank Bigiel; Antonio Usero; Ivana Bešlić; Miguel Querejeta; María J. Jiménez-Donaire; Adam Leroy; Jakob den Brok; Lukas Neumann; Cosima Eibensteiner; Yu-Hsuan Teng; Ashley Barnes; Mélanie Chevance; Dario Colombo; Daniel A. Dale; Simon C. O. Glover; Daizhong Liu; Hsi-An Pan
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數 Astronomy & Astrophysics 680
摘要 We present the first results from “Surveying the Whirlpool at Arcseconds with NOEMA” (SWAN), an IRAM Northern Extended Millimetre Array (NOEMA)+30 m large program that maps emission from several molecular lines at 90 and 110 GHz in the iconic nearby grand-design spiral galaxy M 51 at a cloud-scale resolution (∼3″ = 125 pc). As part of this work, we have obtained the first sensitive cloud-scale map of N2H+(1–0) of the inner ∼5  × 7 kpc of a normal star-forming galaxy, which we compared to HCN(1–0) and 12CO(1–0) emission to test their ability in tracing dense, star-forming gas. The average N2H+-to-HCN line ratio of our total FoV is 0.20 ± 0.09, with strong regional variations of a factor of ≳2 throughout the disk, including the south-western spiral arm and the center. The central ∼1 kpc exhibits elevated HCN emission compared to N2H+, probably caused by AGN-driven excitation effects. We find that HCN and N2H+ are strongly super-linearily correlated in intensity (ρSp ∼ 0.8), with an average scatter of ∼0.14 dex over a span of ≳1.5 dex in intensity. When excluding the central region, the data are best described by a power law of an exponent of 1.2, indicating that there is more N2H+ per unit HCN in brighter regions. Our observations demonstrate that the HCN-to-CO line ratio is a sensitive tracer of gas density in agreement with findings of recent galactic studies utilising N2H+. The peculiar line ratios present near the AGN and the scatter of the power-law fit in the disk suggest that in addition to a first-order correlation with gas density, second-order physics (such as optical depth, gas temperature) or chemistry (abundance variations) are encoded in the N2H+/12CO, HCN/12CO, and N2H+/HCN ratios.
關鍵字 ISM: molecules;galaxies: individual: M 51;galaxies: ISM
語言 en
ISSN 1432-0746; 0004-6361
期刊性質 國外
收錄於 SCI
國別 FRA
出版型式 ,電子版,紙本

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