PHANGS-JWST First Results: Stellar-feedback-driven Excitation and Dissociation of Molecular Gas in the Starburst Ring of NGC 1365?
學年 111
學期 2
出版(發表)日期 2023-02-16
作品名稱 PHANGS-JWST First Results: Stellar-feedback-driven Excitation and Dissociation of Molecular Gas in the Starburst Ring of NGC 1365?
著者 Daizhong Liu; Eva Schinnerer; Yixian Cao; Adam Leroy; Antonio Usero; Erik Rosolowsky; J. M. Diederik Kruijssen; Mélanie Chevance; Simon C. O. Glover; Mattia C. Sormani; Alberto D. Bolatto; Jiayi Sun; Sophia K. Stuber; Yu-Hsuan Teng; Frank Bigiel; Ivana Bešlić; Kathryn Grasha; Jonathan D. Henshaw; Ashley T. Barnes; Jakob S. den Brok; Toshiki Saito; Daniel A. Dale; Elizabeth J. Watkins; Hsi-An Pan; Ralf S. Klessen; Eric Emsellem; Gagandeep S. Anand; Sinan Deger; Oleg V. Egorov; Christopher M. Faesi; Hamid Hassani; Kirsten L. Larson; Janice C. Lee; Laura A. Lopez; Jérôme Pety; Karin Sandstrom; David A. Thilker; Bradley C. Whitmore; Thomas G. Williams
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數 The Astrophysical Journal Letters 944(2)
摘要 We compare embedded young massive star clusters (YMCs) to (sub-)millimeter line observations tracing the excitation and dissociation of molecular gas in the starburst ring of NGC 1365. This galaxy hosts one of the strongest nuclear starbursts and richest populations of YMCs within 20 Mpc. Here we combine near-/mid-IR PHANGS–JWST imaging with new Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array multi-J CO (1–0, 2–1 and 4–3) and [C i] (1–0) mapping, which we use to trace CO excitation via R42 = ICO(4−3)/ICO(2−1) and R21 = ICO(2−1)/ICO(1−0) and dissociation via RCICO = I[CI](1−0)/ICO(2−1) at 330 pc resolution. We find that the gas flowing into the starburst ring from northeast to southwest appears strongly affected by stellar feedback, showing decreased excitation (lower R42) and increased signatures of dissociation (higher RCICO) in the downstream regions. There, radiative-transfer modeling suggests that the molecular gas density decreases and temperature and [CI/CO] abundance ratio increase. We compare R42 and RCICO with local conditions across the regions and find that both correlate with near-IR 2 μm emission tracing the YMCs and with both polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (11.3 μm) and dust continuum (21 μm) emission. In general, RCICO exhibits ∼0.1 dex tighter correlations than R42, suggesting C i to be a more sensitive tracer of changing physical conditions in the NGC 1365 starburst than CO (4–3). Our results are consistent with a scenario where gas flows into the two arm regions along the bar, becomes condensed/shocked, forms YMCs, and then these YMCs heat and dissociate the gas.
關鍵字 Interstellar medium;Molecular gas;Young massive clusters;Stellar feedback;Starburst galaxies;Interstellar line emission;Barred spiral galaxies;CO line emission;AGN host galaxies;Dust continuum emission
語言 en_US
ISSN 2014-8213
期刊性質 國外
收錄於 SCI
國別 USA
出版型式 ,電子版

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