Absorption and foaming of plastics using carbon dioxide
學年 102
學期 2
出版(發表)日期 2014-07-01
作品名稱 Absorption and foaming of plastics using carbon dioxide
著者 Lin, Gwo-Geng; Lin, Dar-Jong; Wang, Li-Jung; Kuo, Ting-Wei
單位 淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
出版者 Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數 Research on Chemical Intermediates 40(6), pp.2259-2269
摘要 In this study, carbon dioxide was used as a foaming agent for common plastics, such as acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) polymer, polystyrene (PS), polypropylene (PP), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and high impact polystyrene (HIPS). Carbon dioxide was first absorbed by the sample plastics placed within a pressure vessel at various pressure levels and absorption time intervals. The Henry’s constant of the absorbed carbon dioxide in the plastics was determined. The diffusion coefficient of carbon dioxide in polymer was also identified by curve- fitting with the relationship between the absorbed amount and time. The results showed that ABS, PS, and HIPS absorbed more gas than did PP and HDPE, because PP and HDPE exhibit higher crystallinity. Generally, a polymer can take up saturation absorption of gas under higher pressure. After absorption, the foaming process occurred at various temperatures and time intervals. The cell structure, density, and size of the plastic foams were then investigated using scanning electron microscopy. A longer foaming period and higher temperature increase the size of the cell and decrease the cell density (the number of bubbles per unit volume). A dense skin layer without bubbles appeared directly adjacent to the surface of the foamed plastics. Its thickness decreased if the foaming process took place at higher temperatures.
關鍵字 Foamed plastics;Henry constant;Diffusion coefficient;Carbon dioxide;Absorption
語言 en
ISSN 1568-5675;0922-6168
期刊性質 國外
收錄於 SCI EI
通訊作者 Lin, Gwo-Geng
國別 NLD
出版型式 ,電子版,紙本

機構典藏連結 ( http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/100572 )