教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 韓貴香 Han,Kuei-Hsiang (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:事件威脅性關係親近性與謙虛取向對大學生橫向傑出成就之人際歸因的影響
學年
學期
出版(發表)日期2012/03/01
作品名稱事件威脅性關係親近性與謙虛取向對大學生橫向傑出成就之人際歸因的影響
作品名稱(其他語言)The effects of threat of event, closeness, and modesty orientation on college students' interpersonal attribution for horizontal distinctiveness.
著者韓貴香
單位淡江大學通識與核心課程中心
出版者臺北市國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數教育心理學報 43(3)頁701-716
摘要本研究旨在檢視大學生對自身成就的人際歸因方式和歸因動機,是受成就事件本身的類型(橫向傑出,較無社會比較意涵)或人際關係的特性(事件威脅性與關係親近性)影響,同時探討成就者的歸因方式是否受其內化的謙虛取向影響。本研究以新北市一所私立大學的200位大學生為對象,回收有效問卷計192份。研究採情境實驗法,以事件威脅性與關係親近性為主要變項設計相關的橫向傑出成就情境。依變項為測量研究參與者在該情境下的人際歸因方式和歸因動機,並測量其謙虛取向程度。採卡方分析的研究結果顯示:當自己的成就會威脅到對方,研究參與者多將成就歸因於外在因素(運氣);當成就不會威脅對方,研究參與者對成就的歸因,則受雙方關係的親近程度影響。當對方為關係親近者,傾向將成就歸因於內在因素(努力、能力);當對方為非關係親近者,則是將成就歸因於外在因素(運氣)。採t考驗對謙虛取向分數的分析發現,大學生只有在自己的成就不會威脅到對方,且和對方為關係親近者時,其對成就採內在或外在的人際歸因方式才和個人的謙虛取向分數有關。在此情況下,謙虛取向分數愈高者愈傾向採外在因素歸因自己的成就。;The purpose of this study was to examine how college students’ interpersonal attribution for their success was affected by the type of achievements and the characteristics of the interpersonal relationship as well as their modesty orientation. Two hundred undergraduate students participated in this study and 192 valid questionnaires were collected. Adopting scenario experimental method, this study manipulated the variables of “threat of successful event” and “closeness to the interacting target” in an achievement of horizontal distinctiveness. The dependent variables were participants’ choice of attributional reason and motivation, in addition, their modesty scores were measured as well. The results of χ2 analyses showed that when the success was a threat to the interacting target, participants would attribute their success to “luck” with a motivation of “empathy”. When the achievement was not a threat, participants would attribute their success to “effort” and “ability” with intimates with a motivation of “sharing glory”, but to ”luck” with acquaintances with motivation of “obeying social modest norm”. Moreover, the results of t-test revealed that when the success was not a threat to the intimate, the modesty orientation scores of those who attributed their success to external factors were significantly higher than those who attributed their success to internal factors.
關鍵字人際歸因;事件威脅性;橫向傑出;謙虛;關係親近性
語言中文
ISSN1011-5714
期刊性質國內
收錄於TSSCI;
產學合作
通訊作者韓貴香
審稿制度
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版,紙本
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