教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 董崇禮 CHUNG-LI DONG (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:In situ observation of the insulator-to-metal transition and nonequilibrium phase transition for Li1-xCoO2 films with preferred (003) orientation nanorods
學年108
學期1
出版(發表)日期2019/08/16
作品名稱In situ observation of the insulator-to-metal transition and nonequilibrium phase transition for Li1-xCoO2 films with preferred (003) orientation nanorods
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Y. Chen; G. Xu; Q. Yu; G. Zhao; J. Li; Z. Hong; Y. Lin; C. L. Dong; Z. Huang
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 11(36), p.33043-33053
摘要It is notoriously difficult to distinguish the stoichiometric LiCoO2 (LCO) with a O3-I structure from its lithium defective O3-II phase because of their similar crystal symmetry. Interestingly, moreover, the O3-II phase shows metallic conductivity, whereas the O3-I phase is an electronic insulator. How to effectively reveal the intrinsic mechanism of the conductivity difference and nonequilibrium phase transition induced by the lithium deintercalation is of vital importance for its practical application and development. Based on the developed technology of in situ peak force tunneling atomic force microscopy (PF-TUNA) in liquids, the phase transition from O3-I to O3-II and consequent insulator-to-metal transition of LCO thin-film electrodes with preferred (003) orientation nanorods designed and prepared via magnetron sputtering were observed under an organic electrolyte for the first time in this work. Then, studying the post-mortem LCO thin-film electrode by using ex situ time-dependent XRD and conductive atomic force microscopy, we find the phase relaxation of LCO electrodes after the nonequilibrium deintercalation, further proving the differences of the electronic conductivity and work function between the O3-I and O3-II phases. Moreover, X-ray absorption spectroscopy results indicate that the oxidation of Co ions and the increasing of O 2p–Co 3d hybridization in the O3-II phase lead to electrical conductivity improvement in Li1–xCoO2. Simultaneously, it is found that the nonequilibrium deintercalation at a high charging rate can result in phase-transition hysteresis and the O3-I/O3-II coexistence at the charging end, which is explained well by an ionic blockade model with an antiphase boundary. At last, this work strongly suggests that PF-TUNA can be used to reveal the unconventional phenomena on the solid/liquid interfaces.
關鍵字lithium batteries;LiCoO2 thin-film electrode;in situ peak force tunneling AFM;nonequilibrium phase transition;X-ray absorption spectroscopy
語言英文
ISSN1944-8252
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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