教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 許世杰 Hsu, Shih-chieh (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Unraveling the Anomalous Surface-Charge-Dependent Osmotic Power Using a Single Funnel-Shaped Nanochannel
學年108
學期1
出版(發表)日期2019/10/22
作品名稱Unraveling the Anomalous Surface-Charge-Dependent Osmotic Power Using a Single Funnel-Shaped Nanochannel
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Jyh-Ping Hsu; Tzu-Chiao Su; Po-Hsien Peng; Shih-Chieh Hsu; Min-Jie Zheng; Li-Hsien Yeh
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數ACS NANO 2019
摘要Nanofluidic osmotic power, which converts a difference in salinity between brine and fresh water into electricity with nanoscale channels, has received more and more attention in recent years. It is long believed that to gain high-performance osmotic power, highly charged channel materials should be exploited so as to enhance the ion selectivity. In this paper, we report counterintuitive surface-charge-density-dependent osmotic power in a single funnel-shaped nanochannel (FSN), violating the previous viewpoint. For the highly charged nanochannel, the performance of osmotic power decreases with a further increase in its surface charge density. With increasing pH (surface charge density), the FSN enables a local maximum power density as high as ∼3.5 kW/m2 in a 500 mM/1 mM KCl gradient. This observation is strongly supported by our rigorous model where the equilibrium chemical reaction between functional carboxylate ion groups on the channel wall and protons is taken into account. The modeling reveals that for a highly charged nanochannel, a significant increase in the surface charge density amplifies the ion concentration polarization effect, thus weakening the effective salinity ratio across the channel and undermining the osmotic power generated.
關鍵字nanofluidics;asymmetric nanopore;ion current rectification;salinity gradient power;charge regulation
語言英文(美國)
ISSN
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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