教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 蔡志群 Chih-chun Tsai (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitors on Mortality of Cirrhotic Patients with Pneumonia
學年107
學期2
出版(發表)日期2019/04/25
作品名稱Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitors on Mortality of Cirrhotic Patients with Pneumonia
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Tsung-Hsing Hung; Chih -Wei Tseng; Chih-Chun Tsai; Hsing-Feng Lee
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數PLoS One 14(4), e0216041
摘要Objective
Pneumonia is life-threatening in patients with liver cirrhosis. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
may increase the risk of these patients developing pneumonia. However, whether PPIs
increase mortality in patients with cirrhosis and pneumonia remain unknown.
Methods
We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database to enroll 1,201 cirrhotic patients
with pneumonia without active gastrointestinal bleeding who were receiving PPIs and were
hospitalized between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2013. A one-to-three propensity
score match was performed to select a comparison group based on age, gender, and
comorbid disorders.
Results
The overall 30-day and 90-day all-cause mortality rates were 13.7% and 26.9% in the PPI
group, and 14.3% and 25.1% in the non-PPI group, respectively. After Cox regression
model adjusting for age, gender, and comorbid disorders, the hazard ratios of the effect of
PPIs on 30-day and 30 to 90-day mortality were 0.94 (95% Confidence Interval [CI], 0.79–
1.12, P = 0.468) and 1.26 (95% CI, 1.05–1.52; P = 0.013), respectively.
Conclusions
PPIs were not associated with 30-day mortality among cirrhotic patients with pneumonia but
not active gastrointestinal bleeding. However, prolonged PPI therapy may be associated
with higher mortality.
關鍵字
語言英文
ISSN1932-6203
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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