教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 鄭廖平 CHENG, LIAO-PING (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Preparation of particulate PVDF membranes of different particle sizes for membrane distillation applications
學年107
學期1
出版(發表)日期2018/12/07
作品名稱Preparation of particulate PVDF membranes of different particle sizes for membrane distillation applications
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Cheng-Dau Yang; Hsu-Hsien Chang; Liao-Ping Cheng
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Journal of Polymer Engineering 39(3), p.254–263
摘要Microporous polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes were prepared by immersion precipitation of dimethylformamide/PVDF solutions, dissolved at 50°C, 60°C, 70°C, and 80°C in a nonsolvent bath. The formed membranes (M50, M60, M70, and M80) exhibited symmetric structures consisting of spherical particles whose size increased from ~1 μm for M50 to ~3 μm for M80. The desalination capabilities of the membranes were assessed via the direct contact membrane distillation process. For the case of desalting 3.5% NaCl(aq), very high rejection ratios (>99.7%) were achieved for all tested membranes under the operation conditions: Thot stream=52°C, Tcold stream=18°C, circulation rate=0.7 l/min, while the highest permeation flux obtainable was 16.3 l/m2h (LMH). When the feed temperature or circulation rate was raised, the permeation flux increased correspondingly. On the other hand, raising the salt concentration resulted in a strong decrease of the permeation flux. For the membrane M60 operated over the period of 48 h, the flux decreased slightly from 11.6 to 10.5 LMH, while the conductivity increased from 1.5 to 27 μs/cm indicating the occurrence of slight surface wetting during this extended operation period.
關鍵字membrane distillation;particulate;polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF);porous membrane
語言英文
ISSN2191-0340
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別德國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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