教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 李百靈 Pai-ling Li (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Foraging Phenology of the Fungus-Growing Termite Odontotermes formosanus (Blattodea: Termitidae)
學年107
學期1
出版(發表)日期2018/09/17
作品名稱Foraging Phenology of the Fungus-Growing Termite Odontotermes formosanus (Blattodea: Termitidae)
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Chun-I Chiu; Hsin-Ting Yeh; Pai-Ling Li; Chih-Yu Kuo; Ming-Jer Tsai; Hou-Feng Li
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Environmental Entomology 47(6), p.1509–1516
摘要Fungus-growing termites are major contributors to litter decomposition and an agriculture pest in tropical and subtropical Africa and Asia. The foraging behavior of fungus-growing termites was hypothesized to be seasonal and may associate with climatic factors and the occurrence of natural enemies. In this study, we tested the effects of climatic factors and the presence of ants on the foraging activity of the fungus-growing termite Odontotermes formosanus (Shiraki) (Blattodea: Termitidae). Termite-foraging activities were quantified monthly based on the number of wood stakes occupied, amount of wood consumed, and foraging population size. The rate of wood-stake decomposition was measured by monitoring 484 wood stakes in a tropical forest over the course of nearly 6 yr. The results revealed that temperature and rainfall are the major climatic factors influencing the foraging seasonality of O. formosanus. Termites occupied fewer wood stakes during hot–wet seasons when fewer ants were present. The results of a path analysis supported that termite-foraging seasonality correlated mainly with climatic factors rather than the presence of ants. A new foraging hypothesis, the eat-and-run strategy, is proposed to explain the inconsistent seasonal foraging behaviors observed in fungus-growing termites.
關鍵字climatic factor;seasonality;fungus-growing termite;ant
語言英文
ISSN
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版,紙本
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