教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 蔡志群 Chih-chun Tsai (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitors in Hospitalization on Mortality of Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy and Cirrhosis but no Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding
學年107
學期1
出版(發表)日期2018/09/01
作品名稱Effect of Proton Pump Inhibitors in Hospitalization on Mortality of Patients with Hepatic Encephalopathy and Cirrhosis but no Active Gastrointestinal Bleeding
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Tsung-Hsing Hung; Hsing-Feng Lee; Chih-Wei Tseng; Chih-Chun Tsai; Chen-Chi Tsai
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology 42(4), p.353-359
摘要Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a neuropsychiatric complication of decompensated cirrhosis. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), used as potent acid suppressants, are associated with HE occurrence in cirrhotic patients. However, it is still unknown if PPIs contribute to mortality in cirrhotic patients with HE and no active gastrointestinal bleeding.
We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database to identify 1004 cirrhotic patients with HE and no active gastric bleeding, who received oral PPIs between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2013. On the basis of comorbid disorder data, we used propensity score matching at a 1:4 ratio to select 4016 cirrhotic patients with HE and no active gastric bleeding who did not receive PPIs as a comparison group. All patients were followed up for one year from the index time.
The overall 30-day, 90-day, and 1-year mortalities were 36.1%, 52.6%, and 70.1% in PPI group, and 27.5%, 41.7%, and 62.4% in non-PPI group. Using Cox regression model analysis with adjustment for age, gender, and other comorbid disorders, we obtained hazard ratios of 1.360 (95% CI: 1.208–1.532, P < 0.001), 1.563 (95% CI: 1.314–1.859; P < 0.001), and 1.187 (95% CI: 1.008–1.398; P = 0.040) for, respectively, 30-day, 30-day to 90-day, and 90-day to 1-year mortality in patients taking PPIs.
關鍵字Cirrhosis;Hepatic encephalopathy;Proton pump inhibitor;Mortality
語言英文
ISSN
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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