教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 李揚漢 Lee Yang-han (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Smartphone Addiction
學年105
學期1
出版(發表)日期2016/11/15
作品名稱Proposed Diagnostic Criteria for Smartphone Addiction
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Yu-Hsuan Lin; Chih-Lin Chiang; Po-Hsien Lin; Li-Ren Chang; Chih-Hung Ko; Yang- Han Lee; Sheng-Hsuan Lin
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數PLoS ONE 11(11) 0163010, p.1-11
摘要Background

Global smartphone penetration has led to unprecedented addictive behaviors. The aims of this study are to develop diagnostic criteria of smartphone addiction and to examine the discriminative ability and the validity of the diagnostic criteria.

Methods

We developed twelve candidate criteria for characteristic symptoms of smartphone addiction and four criteria for functional impairment caused by excessive smartphone use. The participants consisted of 281 college students. Each participant was systematically assessed for smartphone-using behaviors by psychiatrist’s structured diagnostic interview. The sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of the candidate symptom criteria were analyzed with reference to the psychiatrists’ clinical global impression. The optimal model selection with its cutoff point of the diagnostic criteria differentiating the smartphone addicted subjects from non-addicted subjects was then determined by the best diagnostic accuracy.

Results

Six symptom criteria model with optimal cutoff point were determined based on the maximal diagnostic accuracy. The proposed smartphone addiction diagnostic criteria consisted of (1) six symptom criteria, (2) four functional impairment criteria and (3) exclusion criteria. Setting three symptom criteria as the cutoff point resulted in the highest diagnostic accuracy (84.3%), while the sensitivity and specificity were 79.4% and 87.5%, respectively. We suggested determining the functional impairment by two or more of the four domains considering the high accessibility and penetration of smartphone use.

Conclusion

The diagnostic criteria of smartphone addiction demonstrated the core symptoms “impaired control” paralleled with substance related and addictive disorders. The functional impairment involved multiple domains provide a strict standard for clinical assessment.
關鍵字
語言英文(美國)
ISSN
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版,紙本
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