教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 王尚勇 Shang-Yung Wang (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Single-shot work extraction in quantum thermodynamics revisited
學年105
學期2
出版(發表)日期2017/03/14
作品名稱Single-shot work extraction in quantum thermodynamics revisited
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Shang-Yung Wang
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數arXiv:1703.04610
摘要We revisit the problem of work extraction from a system in contact with a heat bath to a work storage system, and the reverse problem of state formation from a thermal system state in single-shot quantum thermodynamics. A physically intuitive and mathematically simple approach using only elementary majorization theory and matrix analysis is developed, and a graphical interpretation of the maximum extractable work, minimum work cost of formation, and corresponding single-shot free energies is presented. This approach provides a bridge between two previous methods based respectively on the concept of thermomajorization and a comparison of subspace dimensions. In addition, a conceptual inconsistency with regard to general work extraction involving transitions between multiple energy levels of the work storage system is clarified and resolved. It is shown that an additional contribution to the maximum extractable work in those general cases should be interpreted not as work extracted from the system, but as heat transferred from the heat bath. Indeed, the additional contribution is an artifact of a work storage system (essentially a suspended "weight" that can be raised or lowered) that does not truly distinguish work from heat. The result calls into question the common concept that a work storage system in quantum thermodynamics is simply the quantum version of a suspended weight in classical thermodynamics.
關鍵字quantum thermodynamics
語言英文(美國)
ISSN
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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