教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 陳映而 CHEN, YING-ERH (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Different Genetic Testing Strategies for Lynch Syndrome in Taiwan
學年105
學期1
出版(發表)日期2016/08/02
作品名稱Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Different Genetic Testing Strategies for Lynch Syndrome in Taiwan
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Ying-Erh Chen; Sung-Shuo Kao; Ren-Hua Chung
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數PLOS ONE 11(8), pp.e0160599
摘要Patients with Lynch syndrome (LS) have a significantly increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC) and other cancers. Genetic screening for LS among patients with newly diagnosed CRC aims to identify mutations in the disease-causing genes (i.e., the DNA mismatch repair genes) in the patients, to offer genetic testing for relatives of the patients with the mutations, and then to provide early prevention for the relatives with the mutations. Several genetic tests are available for LS, such as DNA sequencing for MMR genes and tumor testing using microsatellite instability and immunohistochemical analyses. Cost-effectiveness analyses of different genetic testing strategies for LS have been performed in several studies from different countries such as the US and Germany. However, a cost-effectiveness analysis for the testing has not yet been performed in Taiwan. In this study, we evaluated the cost-effectiveness of four genetic testing strategies for LS described in previous studies, while population-specific parameters, such as the mutation rates of the DNA mismatch repair genes and treatment costs for CRC in Taiwan, were used. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios based on discounted life years gained due to genetic screening were calculated for the strategies relative to no screening and to the previous strategy. Using the World Health Organization standard, which was defined based on Taiwan’s Gross Domestic Product per capita, the strategy based on immunohistochemistry as a genetic test followed by BRAF mutation testing was considered to be highly cost-effective relative to no screening. Our probabilistic sensitivity analysis results also suggest that the strategy has a probability of 0.939 of being cost-effective relative to no screening based on the commonly used threshold of $50,000 to determine cost-effectiveness. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first cost-effectiveness analysis for evaluating different genetic testing strategies for LS in Taiwan. The results will be informative for the government when considering offering screening for LS in patients newly diagnosed with CRC.
關鍵字
語言英文(美國)
ISSN1932-6203
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;
產學合作
通訊作者Ying-Erh Chen
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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