|標題：A Time-Series Analysis of Alcohol Tax Policy in Relation to Mortality from Alcohol Attributed Causes in Taiwan|
|作品名稱||A Time-Series Analysis of Alcohol Tax Policy in Relation to Mortality from Alcohol Attributed Causes in Taiwan|
|著者||Chih-Ming Lin; Chen-Mao Liao; Chung-Yi Li|
|著錄名稱、卷期、頁數||Journal of Community Health 36(6), pp.986-991|
|摘要||It is known that taxation on alcohol products
may effectively reduce the alcohol consumption. However,
whether alcohol taxation may lead to a decrease in alcohol
attributed disease mortality (ADM) has been inclusively.
We conducted this time-series analysis to assess the effect
of alcohol tax policy intervention in 2002 on rate of ADM
in Taiwan. Mortality data were retrieved from Taiwan’s
Death Registry. We employed the autoregression integrated
moving average technique to examine secular patterns
of quarterly rate of ADM in residents aged 15 or
above between 1991 and 2007, and to determine whether
alcohol tax policy intervention, imposed in January 2002,
had affected the time trend in rate of ADM in subsequent
years. We observed a statistically significant reduction in
the rate of ADM following the implementation of alcohol
tax policy for all sex- and age-specific segments of population.
Further analyses revealed that the effect was most
obvious in men aged 15–64 years, who showed an abrupt
decline in AMD rate (10.9%) in the first quarter of 2002.
For elderly men and women, the tax intervention was
followed by a gradually declining trend of ADM, with
a magnitude ranging from 0.53% per season (elderly
women) to 0.63% per season (elderly men). This study
demonstrated that alcohol taxation policy may pose
favorite influences on the time trend of ADM rate in
Taiwan, and such influence was most noteworthy in young and middle aged men.