教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 劉珍綾 LIU, CHENLING (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:La composición morfológica del chino mandarín y el español
學年104
學期1
出版(發表)日期2015/12/01
作品名稱La composición morfológica del chino mandarín y el español
作品名稱(其他語言)中文西班牙文複合式構詞對比
著者劉珍綾
單位
出版者
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數語文與國際研究 14, p.43-61
摘要在中文與西班牙裡,複合詞是指由兩個詞根並列組合而成,其有特定語義的詞。本文透過對比分析,探討中西文複合詞的定義、分類以及結構上的異同點。研究發現,依據詞成分的詞性以及成分彼此之間的句法關係,中西文複合詞的內部結構具有高度對比性,並呈現多樣性組合。值得注意的是,在某些結構中,同樣的組合,在一個語言裡顯現高度能產,在另一個語言裡卻完全不具能產性的。此種對照關係,在主詞-動詞(Nombre [sujeto] + Verbo)、動詞-形容詞謂語(Verbo + Adjetivo predicativo)兩種結構中最為明顯。另外,中西文複合詞內部成分都呈現句法關係,但中文的句法範疇更為廣闊,詞法呼應句法結構的對比關係也更顯完整。此點呼應了複合式構詞為中文詞法主要結構之論點。
Both in Mandarin Chinese and in Spanish a composición is the process that consists of two or more lexemes to form a new word with a single and consistent meaning. This work focuses on a contrastive analysis of the compositional morphological structures of both languages. The outcome shows that a common morphological structure and a productive process in one language can be considered as a defective or unproductive resource in the other language. Thus, the scheme of Nouns (subject) + Verb and the categorical combination of Verb + Predicative Adjective are creative structures in Mandarin Chinese, but blocked in Spanish. Moreover, it can be said that although an internal syntactic relation between composition elements is recognized in both languages, the grammatical categories of Chinese compound elements are more complex, and the internal syntactic relationship between the elements of a Chinese compound is more manifested. That is this rich use of compounding that causes the wide variety of Chinese words.
關鍵字構詞;複合詞;對比分析;字的形成;morphology;compound word;contrastive analysis;word formation
語言西班牙文
ISSN1811-4717
期刊性質國內
收錄於
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式,紙本
相關連結
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