教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 黃婉玲 Wan-Ling Huang (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Commercialization of University Inventions: Individual and Institutional Factors Affecting Licensing of University Patents
學年103
學期2
出版(發表)日期2015/02/01
作品名稱Commercialization of University Inventions: Individual and Institutional Factors Affecting Licensing of University Patents
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Wu, Yonghong; Eric Welch; Huang, Wan-Ling
單位淡江大學公共行政學系
出版者Kidlington: Pergamon Press
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Technovation 36-37, p.12-25
摘要This paper conducts a unique study using the university patent as the unit of analysis to determine how individual and institutional factors affect the likelihood that a patent will be licensed. Using a 2010 national survey of academic scientists in the United States in which respondents were asked specific questions about 2006 patents for which they were listed as inventors, we find that the likelihood of licensing is significantly determined by individual factors including inventors׳ attitude towards commercialization of research, additional research conducted during patent review, and collaboration with industry scientists on the underlying research. Among institutional factors, university Technology Transfer Office׳s cost-saving measures positively influence licensing, but industry funding and TTO service effectiveness do not. We also identify two types of inventions: opportunity-based inventions are discoveries that are not foreseen patentable at the outset of projects; intention-based inventions occur on research projects that anticipate commercial outcomes before the start of research. Findings demonstrate that different individual and institutional factors contribute to licensing of these two different inventions. This study provides new insights into the process of commercialization of university inventions.
關鍵字University invention;Research commercialization;Licensing;Patent
語言英文(美國)
ISSN0166-4972
期刊性質國外
收錄於SSCI;
產學合作
通訊作者Wu, Yonghong
審稿制度
國別英國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版,紙本
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