教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 黃國楨 Hwang, Kuo-Jen (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Effects of Operating Conditions on the Performance of Cross-Flow Filtration of Viscoelastic Slurry
學年89
學期1
出版(發表)日期2001/01/01
作品名稱Effects of Operating Conditions on the Performance of Cross-Flow Filtration of Viscoelastic Slurry
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者黃國楨; Hwang, Kuo-jen; Kao, Chien-kuo
單位淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
出版者Japan : Society of Chemical Engineering
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan 34(12), pp.1516-1523
摘要The effects of operating conditions, such as rheology of fluid, cross-flow velocity, and filtration pressure, on the cake formation and the performance of cross-flow filtration of viscoelastic slurry are studied. The viscoelastic fluid is prepared by adding a polymer, sodium polyacrylate, into de-ionized water. The results show that the viscoelastic behavior of polymeric fluid plays an important role on the performance of filtration, which results in a more compact cake but a higher filtration rate as the polymer concentration in slurry increases. Although the elastic effect of fluid increases the difficulty of filtration, and cause the filtration rate to decay quickly at the beginning of filtration, the cake mass decreases with increasing the polymer concentration due to the increase of drag force exerted on particles in the cross-flow direction. An increase in filtration pressure or a decrease in cross-flow velocity causes the filtration rate to increase. The parameter of elastic effect, E, decreases continuously during a filtration and becomes a negligible value when the filtration rate is lower than a certain value. The value of E increases with decreasing filtration pressure for a given filtration rate. The average cake porosity decreases with filtration time from the start of filtration due to the elastic effect and then increases and approaches gradually to a constant when this effect diminished. The cake porosity at pseudo-steady state decreases with increasing polymer concentration, increasing filtration pressure, and decreasing cross-flow velocity. Furthermore, the probability of particle deposition and the size distribution of particles in filter cake under various conditions are measured. The phenomenon of “selective deposition of particles” can be observed, and the size distribution of particles in the cake decreases with decreasing filtration rate or increasing polymer concentration.
關鍵字Cross-Flow Filtration;Cake Properties;Viscoelastic Fluid;Particle Deposition;Non-Newtonian Fluid;Filtration
語言英文
ISSN0021-9592
期刊性質國內
收錄於
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版
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