教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 黃國楨 Hwang, Kuo-Jen (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Filtration Flux–Shear Stress–Cake Mass Relationships in Microalgae Rotating-Disk Dynamic Microfiltration
學年102
學期2
出版(發表)日期2014/05/15
作品名稱Filtration Flux–Shear Stress–Cake Mass Relationships in Microalgae Rotating-Disk Dynamic Microfiltration
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Hwang, Kuo-Jen; Lin, Syuan-Jyun
單位淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
出版者Amsterdam: Elsevier BV
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Chemical Engineering Journal 244, pp.429-437
摘要Microalgae are promising feedstock for biodiesel production due to their lipid content. Rotating-disk dynamic microfiltration was used for microalgae concentration in this study. The effects of operating conditions, namely disk rotation speed, suspension feed rate, and transmembrane pressure (TMP), on the filtration flux and cake properties are discussed. Because all microalgae cells were rejected by the filter membrane, the main cause of filtration resistance was highly compressible cake that exhibited a compressibility factor of 0.66. An increase in the disk rotation speed led to 40–300% increase in pseudosteady filtration flux. Applying a high TMP yielded high filtration flux at a low disk rotation speed. However, the opposite result was obtained at a high rotation speed. Nearly the same filtration fluxes were produced at a disk rotation speed of 300 rpm even when the TMPs were different. The flow fields in the rotating-disk dynamic microfilter were simulated using software of computational fluid dynamics, Fluent. The shear stress at the membrane surface is a major factor affecting cake formation. A two order-of-magnitude increase in the shear stress by increasing the disk rotation speed will decrease the cake mass by 80% and enhance the filtration flux to about 10 times in the conditions of this study. A linear relationship between mean cake mass and the ratio of filtration flux to mean shear stress derived from the force balance model was verified using experimental data measured in various operating conditions. The methods proposed by this study provide a way to estimate the cake mass and filtration flux directly from operating conditions.
關鍵字Microfiltration; Chlorella sp.; Membrane filtration; Rotating-disk dynamic filter; Microalgae
語言英文(美國)
ISSN1873-3212;1385-8947
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;EI;
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別荷蘭
公開徵稿
出版型式,電子版,紙本
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