教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 徐本欽 SHEE POON KHIM (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:The May 1998 Anti-Chinese Riots in Indonesia: Political and Economic Malaise?
學年92
學期2
出版(發表)日期2004/06/01
作品名稱The May 1998 Anti-Chinese Riots in Indonesia: Political and Economic Malaise?
作品名稱(其他語言)一九九八年五月印尼排華暴動政治與經濟的不適應?
著者徐本欽
單位淡江大學全球化政治與經濟學系
出版者高雄市文藻外語學院
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數語文與國際研究=Languages, Literary Studies, and International Studies: An International Journal 1, pp.177-190
摘要本文要旨乃是,於印尼自一九四五年獨立以來的少數族群一多數族群關係與國族建立的歷史脈絡下,分析一九八八年五月印尼排華暴動。它點出為何特定少數族群無法在一個多種族社會中與主要的族群和平共處,以及一九八五年排華暴動的原因。 村莊窮人的經濟困境是一九八五年排華暴動的主因。蘇哈拖優柔寡斷與左右搖擺、意在企圖化解經濟危機的相關政策,也是促成暴動的因素。印尼社會對華人的成見也導致排華的行為。伊斯蘭教的信仰不是排華的原因,但可以被利用來推動排華活動,以達成某些特定團體的政經目的。至於軍方的權力鬥爭,由於證據不足,無法證明與排華暴動有關連。 最後,區域財務危機的外部因素,以及國際貨幣基金所嘗試推展的解決途徑,在在引發社會與經濟的危機,立即導致村莊窮人反蘇哈拖政府的示威抗議。;This paper focuses on analysing the May 1998 anti-Chinese riots in Indonesia in the context of the historical setting of ethnic minority-majority relations and nation building since Indonesia’s independence in 1945. It addresses the questions why certain minority groups cannot coexist and live peacefully with the majority ethnic group in a multi-racial society and what were the causes of the May 1998 anti-Chinese riots. The economic plight of the urban poor was the main factor behind the May 1998 anti-Chinese riots. Suharto’s indecisive and ambivalent policies, in trying to resolve the economic crisis, also contributed to the riots. Social prejudice of native Indonesians towards the Chinese too contributed to anti-Chinese behavior. Islam is not a cause of anti-Sinicism. However, Islam can be used for antiSinicism campaigns, in achieving political and economic objectives by certain groups. The power struggle of the military as a factor in the anti-Chinese riots cannot be proven or disproved due to inadequate evidence. Finally, the external factors of the regional financial crises, and the IMF’s attempted solution, contributed to a social and economic crisis, which readily led to protests and demonstrations by the urban poor against the Suharto government.
關鍵字民族; 排華運動; 代罪羔羊; 暴動; 貧窮; Ethnicity; Anti-Sinicism; Scapegoats; Riots; Poverty
語言英文
ISSN1811-4717
期刊性質國內
收錄於
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式紙本
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