教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 王尚勇 Shang-Yung Wang (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Dynamical renormalization group approach to transport in ultrarelativistic plasmas : The electrical conductivity in high temperature QED
學年91
學期2
出版(發表)日期2003/03/01
作品名稱Dynamical renormalization group approach to transport in ultrarelativistic plasmas : The electrical conductivity in high temperature QED
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Boyanovsky, D.; de Vega, H.J.; Wang, S.Y.
單位淡江大學物理學系
出版者College Park: American Physical Society
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Physical Review D (Particles and Fields) 67(6), 065022(39 pages)
摘要The DC electrical conductivity of an ultrarelativistic QED plasma is studied in real time by implementing the dynamical renormalization group. The conductivity is obtained from the realtime dependence of a dissipative kernel related to the retarded photon polarization. Pinch singularities in the imaginary part of the polarization are manifest as growing secular terms that in the perturbative expansion of this kernel. The leading secular terms are studied explicitly and it is shown that they are insensitive to the anomalous damping of hard fermions as a result of a cancellation between self-energy and vertex corrections. The resummation of the secular terms via the dynamical renormalization group leads directly to a renormalization group equation in real time, which is the Boltzmann equation for the (gauge invariant) fermion distribution function. A direct correspondence between the perturbative expansion and the linearized Boltzmann equation is established, allowing a direct identification of the self energy and vertex contributions to the collision term.We obtain a Fokker-Planck equation in momentum space that describes the dynamics of the departure from equilibrium to leading logarithmic order in the coupling.This determines that the transport time scale is given by t_{tr}=(24 pi)/[e^4 T \ln(1/e)}]. The solution of the Fokker-Planck equation approaches asymptotically the steady- state solution as sim e^{-t/(4.038 t_{tr})}.The steady-state solution leads to the conductivity sigma = 15.698 T/[e^2 ln(1/e)] to leading logarithmic order. We discuss the contributions beyond leading logarithms as well as beyond the Boltzmann equation. The dynamical renormalization group provides a link between linear response in quantum field theory and kinetic theory.
關鍵字
語言英文
ISSN0556-2821
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式紙本
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