教師資料查詢 | 類別: 會議論文 | 教師: 莊春發 CHUANG CHEN-FA (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:「統一定價競爭機制」—液化石油氣產業之研究
學年97
學期1
發表日期2008/12/02
作品名稱統一定價競爭機制」—液化石油氣產業之研究
作品名稱(其他語言)Uniform pricing and competitive mechanism: a study of liquefied petroleum gas industry
著者莊春發
作品所屬單位淡江大學產業經濟學系
出版者臺北市行政院公平交易委員會
會議名稱第16屆競爭政策與公平交易法學術研討會
會議地點臺北市, 臺灣
摘要任何產業政府部門可藉由直接管制加以規範,亦可藉由市場力量所形成的
競爭機制予以規範。液化石油氣產業早期因為供應與經銷階段屬於獨占市場結
構,的確造成市場機制的若干限制,形成經濟無效率的不利結果,因此政府選
擇以直接管制為規範手段。同時間,政府配合採行液化石油氣經銷商利潤限制
的手段,以及最終價格分區管制等的配套措施,消費者的權益並未受到太大的
損害。
液化石油氣市場解除管制之後,目的主管機關卻忽略了配套措施的必要
性,以至於產生地下分裝場、地下分銷商的出現,從而產生市場殺價的行為。
隨後,上下游業者即不斷產生違反公平交易法之行為,而受到嚴厲的處罰,處
罰之金額幾乎使得液化石油氣產業變成公平會的最大供養產業。
審酌液化石油氣過去兩種管制政策的結果,可以發覺政府以市場機制替代
原有的管制政策,因欠缺妥善的配套措施,從而衍生液化石油氣市場的許多問
題,例如鋼瓶未按期檢查產生社會安全的危害可能;地下分銷商、分裝場的
出現,產生市場交易的失序行為,它直接間接促成業者進行聯合行為的不法行為。目的主管機關亦輕忽從業人員的再教育的重要性,致使採用市場機制管理
市場時,許多業者未能適應新制而觸犯公平法而受罰,其所累積的金額更令人
印象深刻。
衡酌液化石油氣市場兩種不同的管制制度r 競爭機制」所造成的社會成
本,相對於「統一定價」的管制似乎並不便宜。政府應採用何種制度管理液化
石油氣產業較為通宜,政策上仍有再思慮的空間。Direct control of government and competitive mechanism induced by market
power are two common conduits to regulate industries. In the early phase, the
supply and dealer system of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) industry belonged to a
monopolistic structure, which indeed brought about several limitations for market
mechanism while resulted in disadvantage of economic efficiency. Hence, the
government's regulation is not only plausible but necessary. The supplementary
measures of profit restraint to the LPG dealers and of territory limitation to final price
implemented by government prevented serious damages for customers' interest.
Since the deregulation of LPG market, the administration ignored the necessary of
the supplementary measures. Illegal LPG bottling factories and distributors were
emerged and led to undercutting behavior in the market. Then, the upstream and
downstream industries continuously violated the Fair Trade Law. The most server
punishment almost made the LPG industry become the large supporter of Fair Trade
Commission.
It can be found by reviewing the two regulating policies that due to the
deficiency of proper supplementary measures government uses market mechanism
to substitute the original control policy would cause many sequel as for LPG market.
For instances, security problems might be induced by the events that the LPG
steel cylinders are not checked as scheduled, uncontrollable behavior of market
trading induced by the emergence of illegal LPG bottling factories and distributors
would directly or indirectly stimulate the happening of collusion. Furthermore,
the administration also disregarded the importance of reeducation for the people
who works in the related industries. The result refers to that when regulating with
market mechanism many firms would not accommodate new rule easily and violate
the Fair Trade Law frequently. The large amount of accumulated forfeit made deep impression for people. Gauging the two regulation systems of the LPG market, the
social cost of the 'competitive mechanism' is relatively not cheaper than the 'uniform
pricing'. Accordingly, there is the room to rethink the question that which mechanism
is more adequate for managing the LPG industry from the viewpoint of public policy.
關鍵字
語言中文
收錄於
會議性質國內
校內研討會地點
研討會時間20081202~20081202
通訊作者莊春發
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式
出處第16屆競爭政策與公平交易法學術研討會論文集頁1-44
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