教師資料查詢 | 類別: 會議論文 | 教師: 陳惠美 CHEN HWEI-MEI (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Myth of field dependence/independence in an ESL cooperative learning classroom
學年88
學期1
發表日期2000/11/10
作品名稱Myth of field dependence/independence in an ESL cooperative learning classroom
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者陳惠美; Chen, Hweimei; 馮景照; Feng, Matthew J. Zh.
作品所屬單位淡江大學英文學系
出版者臺北市 : 文鶴出版公司
會議名稱The Ninth International Symposium on English Teaching=第九屆中華民國英語文教學國際研討會
會議地點Taipei, Taiwan
摘要Various learning strategies and methods were invented to improve student's learning performance and cooperative learning was regarded as one of the most effective methods to do so. However, how to group students into small groups has always been a problem for many ESL teachers. According to the research (Johnson & Johnson, 1994;Sharan, 1990;Slavin, 1995), various criteria of grouping could be applied to compose small groups. The nature of the learning task, the duration of cooperative learning, and the learner's individual characteristics are some factors that ESL teachers could take into consideration when forming small groups in the classroom. Learner's learning styles, their field dependence/independence tendency
for example, could also be applied to group students. Some research findings (Abraham, 1985;Brown, 1994;Stansfield & Hansen, 1983;Witkin, 1977) showed that those with strong field independence tendency were much less sociable as those with strong field dependence tendency. The conflict and tension would be likely to occur between field dependent students and field independent ones if they were not taught proper social skills before they worked together. However, whether learners' FOIFI tendency has certain influence on their performance when working on cooperative learning activities still remained a myth for most ESL teachers. Therefore, the experiment in this study was designed to investigate if a learner's field dependence/ independence tendency is an effective criterion for grouping in an ESL cooperative learning conversation classroom for college students. The subjects were one hundred and twentyfour nonEnglish majors at Tamkang University. The participants were first asked to take the GEFT (Group Embedded Figure Test) to determine their FIIFO tendency. And then they were divided into small groups based on their FIIFO tendency. A cooperative learning activity, roleplay, was conducted while cooperative learning was practiced. Individual interviews and a selfreport survey were conducted at the end of the experiment to examine the attitude of the participants toward the cooperative learning. The results and future implications were provided and fully discussed.
關鍵字場地依賴;合作學習;場地獨立;英語教學;學習方法;學習表現;學習策略;Field Dependence;Cooperative Learning;Field Independence;English Teaching;Learning Method;Learning Performance;Learning Strategy
語言英文
收錄於
會議性質國際
校內研討會地點
研討會時間20001110~20001112
通訊作者陳惠美; Chen, Hweimei
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式
出處Proceedings of the the Ninth International Symposium on English Teaching=第九屆中華民國英語文教學國際研討會論文集, pp.81-88
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