教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 鄧盛鴻 BIEDERMANN REINHARD PETER (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:China's Great Game on Rare Earth Elements and the New Raw Materials Diplomacy of the European Union
學年100
學期1
出版(發表)日期2011/10/01
作品名稱China's Great Game on Rare Earth Elements and the New Raw Materials Diplomacy of the European Union
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Biedermann, Reinhard
單位淡江大學全球政治經濟學系
出版者New Taipei: Tamkang University
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Tamkang Journal of International Affairs 15(2), pp.43-85
摘要There is oil in the Middle East; there is rare earth in China". Western and Japanese policy makers might have remembered this proclamation from Deng Xiaoping in 1992, when 18 years later China blocked shipments of rare earth elements and alarmed Japan, the European Union (EU), and the USA. Rare earths are not widely known, because they are low on the production chain and comprise only a small industry with annual production of below 150 000 tons. But without them, many modern daily-used electronic applications from smart phones to green energy applications would not be possible and our modern way of life would look very different. Already since 2006, China step by step reduced the exports. It is not very clear yet, why China restricts the exports of rare earths elements. This paper analyses possible motivations of China which might be geopolitical, neo-mercantilist, political, environmental or simply economic in nature. The European Union has recently announced global raw material diplomacy. The goal of this paper is to evaluate China's ambitions in its rare earth elements strategy and, against that background, explore the potential account of EU's new foreign trade instrument. The paper concludes skeptical, since China follows a strategy in one piece, whereas the EU strategy appears as too general and too diversified. A chance for the EU and other concerned actors like Japan and the USA lies in a better coordination of their rare earth policies and a more sustainable approach, also towards third countries. The World Trade Organization is positive towards the concerns of China's rare earths customers.
關鍵字
語言英文
ISSN1027-4979
期刊性質國內
收錄於
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別中華民國
公開徵稿
出版型式,紙本
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