教師資料查詢 | 類別: 會議論文 | 教師: 宋鴻燕 Hung-yen Angela Sung (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Developmental differences in young children's sex-typing : Automatic versus reflective processing
學年81
學期2
發表日期1993/03/01
作品名稱Developmental differences in young children's sex-typing : Automatic versus reflective processing
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Perry, Louise C.; Sung, Hung-yen A.
作品所屬單位淡江大學通識與核心課程中心
出版者The Society for Research in Child Development
會議名稱
會議地點
摘要To investigate social cognitive factors in early sex-role development, this study examined young children's gender-related judgments of toy appropriateness under speeded and delayed response conditions. Subjects were 55 boys and 59 girls, aged 3, 5, and 7. Ninety-two photographs of common toys were independently rated as mainly for girls, mainly for boys, or neutral. In the categorization condition, children stated who usually played with the toy shown. In the immediate-response condition, subjects were further asked to respond as quickly as possible after the toy photograph was presented. In the delayed-response condition, subjects waited for a signal, that was presented after a 2.8-second delay, before answering. During the waiting period, children were instructed to "think hard about who usually plays with this toy." Results revealed that children's flexibility, or judgment of a toy as neutral, to neutral toy stimuli increased with age. In contrast, flexibility with respect to sex-typed toys was generally low; some increase in flexibility was shown from age 3 to age 5, followed by a decline in flexibility with respect to feminine toys at age 7. Children's knowledge of same-sex stereotypes was high from age 3, while opposite-sex knowledge was initially low and increased with age more slowly for boys than for girls. By age 7, however, stereotype knowledge was uniformly high in all children.
關鍵字Child Development; Childhood Attitudes; Cognitive Processes; Early Childhood Education; Elementary School Students; Knowledge Level; Preschool Children; Role Perception; Sex Role; Sex Stereotypes; Social Cognition; Toys; Young Children
語言英文
收錄於
會議性質
校內研討會地點
研討會時間
通訊作者
國別
公開徵稿
出版型式
出處The 60 biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development=第60屆美國兒童發展研究學會雙年會
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