教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 林達鎔 LIN, DAR-JONG (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Formation of Porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) membranes with symmetric or asymmetric morphology by immersion precipitation in water/TEP/PVDF system
學年94
學期2
出版(發表)日期2006/07/01
作品名稱Formation of Porous poly(vinylidene fluoride) membranes with symmetric or asymmetric morphology by immersion precipitation in water/TEP/PVDF system
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Lin, Ta-jung; Lin, Dar-jong; Chang, Hsu-hsien; Chen, Tzung-chin; Lee, Yi-chi; Cheng, Liao-ping
單位淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
出版者Kidlington: Pergamon
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數European polymer journal 42, pp.1581-1594
摘要The phase equilibrium boundaries of the membrane forming system, water/triethyl phosphate (TEP)/PVDF, at 25 °C were determined experimentally using cloud-point and equilibrium absorption methods. Based on the phase diagram, appropriate dope and bath compositions were selected to prepare microporous membranes by means of the isothermal immersion–precipitation technique. As a metastable casting dope with respect to crystallization was adopted, the formed membranes exhibited a uniform cross-section composed of interlocked crystal elements coexisting with the network of continuous pores, as was revealed by high resolution FESEM imaging. Morphologies of the membranes’ top surfaces were found to depend heavily on the bath strength, which was controlled by the TEP content. By changing the bath gradually from pure water to 70% TEP, the top surface evolved from a dense skin (asymmetric membrane) to a totally porous morphology (symmetric membrane). Wide angle X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that PVDF crystallized into α-type structure for all of the synthesized membranes. The crystallinity as determined from diffraction peak deconvolution was ≈65%, which value was confirmed by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The obtained thermograms also showed a similar melting peak temperature (Tm ≈ 169 °C) for all membranes. Furthermore, water fluxes and tensile strengths of the membranes were measured. The results were found to correlate with the morphologies of the membranes.
關鍵字Poly(vinylidene fluoride); Membrane; Crystallization; Phase separation
語言英文
ISSN0014-3057
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI
產學合作
通訊作者Cheng, Liao-ping
審稿制度
國別英國
公開徵稿
出版型式紙本
相關連結
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