教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 張正興 Cheng-hsin Chang (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Wind Tunnel Measurements of the Dilution of Tailpipe Emissions Downstream of a Car, a Light-Duty Truck, and a Heavy-Duty Truck Tractor Head
學年97
學期2
出版(發表)日期2009/06/01
作品名稱Wind Tunnel Measurements of the Dilution of Tailpipe Emissions Downstream of a Car, a Light-Duty Truck, and a Heavy-Duty Truck Tractor Head
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Chang, Victor W.-C.; Hildemann, Lynn M.; Chang, Cheng-hisn
單位淡江大學土木工程學系
出版者Pittsburgh: Air &; Waste Management Association
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 59(6), pp.704-714
摘要The particle and gaseous pollutants in vehicle exhaust emissions undergo rapid dilution with ambient air after exiting the tailpipe. The rate and extent of this dilution can greatly affect both the size evolution of primary exhaust particles and the potential for formation of ultrafine particles. Dilution ratios were measured inside of a wind tunnel in the region immediately downstream of the tailpipe using model vehicles (˜ one-fifth to one-seventh scale models) representing a light-duty truck, a passenger car, and a heavy-duty tractor head (without the trailer). A tracer gas (ethene) was released at a measured flow rate from the tailpipe, and 60 sampling probes placed downstream of the vehicle simultaneously sampled gas tracer concentrations in the near-wake (first few vehicle heights) and far-wake regions (beyond 10 vehicle heights). Tests using different tunnel wind speeds show the range of dilution ratios that can be expected as a function of vehicle type and downstream distance (i.e., time). The vehicle shape quite strongly influences dilution profiles in the near-wake region but is much less important in the far-wake region. The tractor generally produces higher dilution rates than the automobile and light-duty truck under comparable conditions.
關鍵字
語言英文
ISSN1047-3289
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI
產學合作
通訊作者
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式紙本
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