教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 盧博堅 LU PO-CHIEN (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Estimation of Viscous Dissipative Stresses Induced by a Mechanical Heart Valve Using PIV Data
學年98
學期2
出版(發表)日期2010/03/01
作品名稱Estimation of Viscous Dissipative Stresses Induced by a Mechanical Heart Valve Using PIV Data
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Li, Chi-pei; Lo, Chi-wen; Lu, Po-chien
單位淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系
出版者New York: Springer New York LLC
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Annals of Biomedical Engineering 38(3), pp.903-916
摘要Among the clinical complications of mechanical heart valves (MHVs), hemolysis was previously thought to result from Reynolds stresses in turbulent flows. A more recent hypothesis suggests viscous dissipative stresses at spatial scales similar in size to red blood cells may be related to hemolysis in MHVs, but the resolution of current instrumentation is insufficient to measure the smallest eddy sizes. We studied the St. Jude Medical (SJM) 27 mm valve in the aortic position of a pulsatile circulatory mock loop under physiologic conditions with particle image velocimetry (PIV). Assuming a dynamic equilibrium assumption between the resolved and sub-grid-scale (SGS) energy flux, the SGS energy flux was calculated from the strain rate tensor computed from the resolved velocity fields and the SGS stress was determined by the Smagorinsky model, from which the turbulence dissipation rate and then the viscous dissipative stresses were estimated. Our results showed Reynolds stresses up to 80 N/m2 throughout the cardiac cycle, and viscous dissipative stresses below 12 N/m2. The viscous dissipative stresses remain far below the threshold of red blood cell hemolysis, but could potentially damage platelets, implying the need for further study in the phenomenon of MHV hemolytic complications.
關鍵字Hemolysis; Turbulent shear stress; Sub-grid scale; Turbulent dissipation; Dynamic equilibrium
語言英文
ISSN0090-6964
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI;EI
產學合作
通訊作者Lu, Po-chien
審稿制度
國別美國
公開徵稿
出版型式
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