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1 106/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Tariff Escalation and Vertical Market Structure , [106-1] :Tariff Escalation and Vertical Market Structure期刊論文Tariff Escalation and Vertical Market StructureHong Hwang; Chao-Cheng Mai; Shih-Jye WuThe World Economy 40(8), p.1597-1613Many empirical studies have shown that most countries in the world reveal a specific form of tariff structure, referred to as tariff escalation, which is defined as tariff rates for final products being higher than those for intermediate goods, and the latter are higher than those for raw materials. However, trade theorists have paid scant attention to the causes of tariff escalation. To fill this gap, we set up a vertically related market model with n stages of successive monopolies. We find that a tariff on an imported good can be used to extract not only the profit of the foreign monopolist supplying this good, but also the rents acquired by all the foreign upstream monopolists through its effects on the prices of the upstream intermediate goods. Thus, as the number of production stages in the foreign country in
2 106/1 產經系 高國峯 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Trade liberalization, forward-looking firms, and welfare , [106-1] :Trade liberalization, forward-looking firms, and welfare期刊論文Trade liberalization, forward-looking firms, and welfareKuo-Feng Kao; Cheng-Hau PengReview of International Economics 25, p.999-1016We set up an oligopolistic model with two exporting firms selling to a third market to investigate the welfare implications of trade liberalization when the exporting firms are forward-looking. The results show that with cost asymmetry trade liberalization encourages the exporting firms to engage in tacit collusion, which may not only be detrimental to the domestic welfare, but also to the consumer surplus of the importing country. Moreover, we find that tacit collusion is less sustainable if the government of the importing country imposes a lower (higher) tariff on the more (less) efficient exporting firm. If a nonforward-looking or a forward-looking cost-efficient domestic firm exists in the importing country, then trade liberalization also encourages tacit collusion.en_US國外SSCI;是USA
3 104/1 亞洲所 任耀庭 教授 期刊論文 發佈 亞洲的經濟整合與台灣的因應-FTA的原產地規定 , [104-1] :亞洲的經濟整合與台灣的因應-FTA的原產地規定期刊論文亞洲的經濟整合與台灣的因應-FTA的原產地規定Economic Integration of Asia and Taiwan’s Response: Rule of Origin in FTA任耀庭自由貿易協定;原產地規定;關稅稅則號列變更基準;附加價值基準;特定加工工程基準;Free Trade Agreement(FTA);Rule of Origin(ROO);Change in Tariff Classification Rule(CTC Rule);Regional Value Content Rule(RVC Rule);Specific Process Rule(SP Rule)淡江國際與區域研究 4(2),頁1-4221世紀亞洲的經濟統合在締結自由貿易協定(Free Trade Agreement, FTA)的潮流下急速發展,從二戰以後多邊主義為主的發展潮流變成雙邊主義(FTA)、區域主義(Regional Trade Agreement, RTA)與多邊主義(WTO)三者並行的局面。亞洲洽簽雙邊/區域貿易協定的開始較晚,因此域內國家也比較積極。台灣雖為WTO會員,但是苦於中國封鎖的政治因素無法參與亞洲積極進行中的經濟統合。在兩岸關係改善及洽簽ECFA後,台灣突破過去以來無法與非邦交國締結FTA的罩門,2013年分別與紐西蘭及新加坡成功締結FTA。在台紐與台星兩個協定上台灣展現開放市場的決心。這個發展被預期將營造台灣未來加入TPP與RCEP,或與美國、日本、韓國、東南亞各主要貿易國家締結FTA的有利環境,提升台灣經濟加入亞洲區域經濟整合的機會。 Economic Integration through Free Trade Agreement (FTA) in Asia has been progressed rapidly in 21st century. Along with multilateralism (WTO), bilateralism (FTA) and regionalism (Regional Trade Agreement, RTA) are now three mainstreams of international trade system in Asia. Takin
4 102/2 政經系 雷納德 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 China's Rare Earth Sector - Between Domestic Consolidation and Global Hegemony , [102-2] :China's Rare Earth Sector - Between Domestic Consolidation and Global Hegemony期刊論文 China's Rare Earth Sector - Between Domestic Consolidation and Global Hegemony鄧盛鴻; Reinhard Biedermann淡江大學全球政治經濟學系China;Public policy;Global strategy;Competition state;Rare earth metals;Raw materials diplomacyBingley: Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.International Journal of Emerging Markets 9(2), p.276-293Purpose – China holds a global monopoly of up to 97 percent for rare earth elements (REEs), which are indispensable for all kinds of twenty-first century high-tech applications. Since China has disrupted its exports and started discriminating between domestic and foreign demand, REEs have become a geostrategic resource. In March 2012, Japan, the USA and the European Union jointly filed a World Trade Organization dispute settlement case against China. The purpose of this paper is to elaborate why China implemented export quotas and tariffs on REEs and how the state is engaged in this sector domestically a
5 102/1 歐洲所 陳麗娟 教授 期刊論文 發佈 從WTO看歐盟與中國的政府採購市場開放之立場 , [102-1] :從WTO看歐盟與中國的政府採購市場開放之立場期刊論文從WTO看歐盟與中國的政府採購市場開放之立場陳麗娟淡江大學歐洲研究所政府採購;WTO;中國大陸;歐洲聯盟;貿易障礙;自由貿易台北市:立法院國會月刊社國會月刊 41(11),頁23-35政府採購是一個涵蓋大部分國家的大市場,尤其是對於國際貿易而言,政府採購是一個具有特別利益的大市場,但政府採購一直是平衡貿易逆差的重要工具,猶如一種非關稅貿易障礙(non-tariff barrier)。WTO架構下的政府採購協定(Agreement on Government Procurement; 以下簡稱GPA)在1996年1月1日生效施行,為烏拉圭回合談判最重要的成果之一,GPA為一複邊協定,僅適用於有簽署的WTO成員。GPA的宗旨為確保政府採購法律、行政規章與採購招標實務的透明化,使政府採購市場發揮良好的作用與藉由供應中央政府機關與地方政府機關的國際競爭而更佳的利用公共資源,同時GPA亦在於希望減少賄賂與其他可疑的商業行為。2007年12月28日,中國大陸向WTO的秘書處提出加入GPA的書面申請,並在2011年1月10日表明將開始進行GPA的加入談判。由於2008年以來的全球金融風暴與相繼的歐債危機所造成的經濟衰退,政府採購成為歐盟亟待開發的出口商機,因此歐盟積極的思考與呼籲在WTO架構下檢討政府採購市場的機制。政府採購是歐盟出口亟待開發的領域,在金融海嘯與歐洲債信風暴後,歐盟重新檢討政府採購法,以期改善政府採購程序和針對新的挑戰作更佳的調整,以便更有效率的運用公共經費、以及考慮社會和生態利益。本文將以WTO架構下的GPA作為研究對象,以探討歐盟與中國大陸對於開放政府採購市場的立場,以期探究未來政府採購在國際貿易的發展。tku_id: 000098274;2014-06-30 補正完成 by 何雯婷;Submitted by 麗娟 陳 (chen0909@mail.tku.edu.tw) on 2014-04-14T01:31:56Z No. of bitstreams: 0zh_TW1993-0143國內是TWN<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/98765432
6 99/2 保險系 范姜肱 教授 期刊論文 發佈 海峽兩岸簽訂ECFA後對台灣壽險業之影響-風險與效益評估 , [99-2] :海峽兩岸簽訂ECFA後對台灣壽險業之影響-風險與效益評估期刊論文海峽兩岸簽訂ECFA後對台灣壽險業之影響-風險與效益評估The Assessment of Risk and Benefit to Life Insurance Industry in Taiwan after Signing ECFA范姜肱; Fan, Chiang-Ku; 鄭鎮樑; Cheng, Chen-Liang; 李雨璿; Lee, Yu-Hsuang淡江大學保險學系兩岸經濟合作架構協議; 金融監理合作瞭解備忘錄; 壽險業; economic cooperation framework agreement; memorandum of understanding; life insurance臺北市:保險事業發展中心保險經營與制度=Insurance Issues and Practices 10(1),頁49-77台灣與大陸簽訂MOU與ECFA之後將降低雙邊關稅與排除商業障礙。然而各方面對於簽訂MOU與ECFA究竟是好或壞,現階段仍看法分歧。在此支持與反對看法渾沌不明之情況下,台灣與大陸簽訂MOU與ECFA之後對台灣壽險業是好是壞更是霧裡看花眾說紛紜。透過德菲法與分析層級法之應用,本研究之目的在於確認所有簽訂MOU與ECFA之後可能產生之影響項目,並衡量正面與反面看法孰重孰輕;各影響項目之權重為何,如此即可得知台灣與大陸簽訂MOU與ECFA之後對台灣壽險業所產生之效益與風險。;After Taiwan and mainland China signing the MOU (Memorandum of Understanding) and ECFA (Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement), tariffs and commercial barriers are going to reduce between two sides. Unfortunately, there is currently much controversy in Taiwan over the MOU and the ECFA. Taiwanese officials have described these new deals are thought to be
7 97/1 資工系 葛煥昭 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Integrated the Intelligent Agent Behavior Model and Billing Service into Communication System , [97-1] :Integrated the Intelligent Agent Behavior Model and Billing Service into Communication System期刊論文Integrated the Intelligent Agent Behavior Model and Billing Service into Communication SystemLo, Steven K. C.; Keh, Huan Chao; Lin, Yi Hung; Wang, Jo Chi淡江大學資訊工程學系radio frequency identification;Intelligent system;agent;billingFaisalabad: ANSI NetworkInformation Technology Journal 8(5), pp.668-677The evolution of mobile communications has been rapidly popular in recent years. In Taiwan, mobile phones predominantly possess multiple functions. In other words, mobile phones are not only conventional phones but also smart computer systems embedding with intelligent agent mechanisms to integrate heterogeneous applications. In addition, the billing system (Customer DB, Tariff and Sharing Schemes, Rating and Bill Data) is the crucial part of the communication system. It is an independent system to calculate the fee of communication. There are a lot of applications embedded into the mobile device in
8 101/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Symbiotic Production and Downstream Market Competition , [101-1] :Symbiotic Production and Downstream Market Competition期刊論文Symbiotic Production and Downstream Market CompetitionGuo, Wen-chung; Lai, Fu-chuan; Liu, Chorng-jian; Mai, Chao-cheng淡江大學產業經濟學系Symbiotic production;Double marginalization;Downstream market competitionSpringerAtlantic Economic Journal 40(3), p.329-340It is well known that the double marginalization problem in the vertical relation can be eliminated by collusion, but it is undesirable because of the monopoly pricing outcome. This study addresses the role of downstream market competition under symbiotic production and demonstrates that incorporating different types of competition in product markets will partially eliminate inefficiency caused by double marginalization. It suggests that introducing callback services or internet telephones creates an environment similar to downward market competition in the output market; hence, it is observed that international tariffs are significantly reduced.tku_id: ;000120031;Submitted by
9 100/1 政經系 雷納德 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 China's Wealth is EU's Needs: The Conflict on Rare Earth Elements , [100-1] :China's Wealth is EU's Needs: The Conflict on Rare Earth Elements期刊論文 China's Wealth is EU's Needs: The Conflict on Rare Earth ElementsBiedermann; Reinhard Peter淡江大學全球政治經濟學系China;Public policy;Global strategy;Competition state;Rare earth metals;Raw materials diplomacyBrussels: College of EuropeInternational Journal of Emerging Markets 9(2), p.276-293.Purpose – China holds a global monopoly of up to 97 percent for rare earth elements (REEs), which are indispensable for all kinds of twenty-first century high-tech applications. Since China has disrupted its exports and started discriminating between domestic and foreign demand, REEs have become a geostrategic resource. In March 2012, Japan, the USA and the European Union jointly filed a World Trade Organization dispute settlement case against China. The purpose of this paper is to elaborate why China implemented export quotas and tariffs on REEs and how the state is engaged in this sector domestically and abroad. Design/methodology/appr
10 100/1 產經系 林俊宏 教授 期刊論文 發佈 The Tariff-jumping Foreign Direct Investment Decision in a Quality-differentiated Market , [100-1] :The Tariff-jumping Foreign Direct Investment Decision in a Quality-differentiated Market期刊論文The Tariff-jumping Foreign Direct Investment Decision in a Quality-differentiated MarketWang, Kuang-cheng Andy; Lin, Chun-hung A.; Chiou, Jiunn-rong淡江大學產業經濟學系F12;F13;F21Richmond: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing AsiaPacific Economic Review 16(4), pp.466–488Using a product differentiation model, this paper discusses the issue of transnational firms evading tariffs and investing directly in a host country (through foreign direct investment (FDI)). Where product quality is differentiated between foreign and host country firms and assuming a firm's quality requirement is a long-term strategy and is not affected by a foreign firm's trade decision, we obtain the following findings. First, whether or not a host country firm produces high or low quality products, raising the quality requirement for foreign products will increase the possibility of a foreign firm choosing FDI instead of exporting a product to
11 99/2 產經系 高國峯 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Tariff and Quota Equivalence in Vertically Related Markets , [99-2] :Tariff and Quota Equivalence in Vertically Related Markets期刊論文Tariff and Quota Equivalence in Vertically Related MarketsHwang, Hong; Kao, Kuo-feng; Peng, Cheng-hau淡江大學產業經濟學系Blackwell PublishingReview of Development Economics 15(1), p.19-32This paper re-examines the issue of tariff and quota equivalence by introducing an upstream market into the Hwang and Mai (1988) model, and then allowing the two downstream firms to cross-haul within each other’s market. We assume the upstream monopolist can select either a two-part or a one-part tariff pricing strategy. It is found that if the upstream firm adopts a two-part (one-part) tariff pricing strategy, then the market price of the final good under a tariff will be higher (lower) than that under an equivalent quota; that is, the quota is set at the import level under the tariff regime. This result stands in stark contrast to the prior findings of both Hwang and Mai (1988) and Fung (1989). Moreover, if the quota rent is set as being equal to
12 80/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Optimal Discriminatory Tariffs under Oligopolistic Competition , [80-1] :Optimal Discriminatory Tariffs under Oligopolistic Competition期刊論文Optimal Discriminatory Tariffs under Oligopolistic Competition麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Hwang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系Canadian Economics AssociationThe Canadian Journal of Economics 24(3), pp.693-702tku_id: 000120031en0008-4085<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58115</url></record></links>
13 89/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Tariffs and Quotas in a Spatial Duopoly with a Land Market , [89-1] :Tariffs and Quotas in a Spatial Duopoly with a Land Market期刊論文Tariffs and Quotas in a Spatial Duopoly with a Land Market麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Peng, Shin-kun淡江大學產業經濟學系Springer BerlinThe Annals of Regional Science 34(2), pp.233-250tku_id: 000120031en0570-1864<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58112</url></record></links>
14 85/2 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Optimal Tariff Policy and Technology Choice under Foreign Duopoly , [85-2] :Optimal Tariff Policy and Technology Choice under Foreign Duopoly期刊論文Optimal Tariff Policy and Technology Choice under Foreign Duopoly麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Kou, Horn-in; Huang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系CEDAMRivista Internazionale Di Scienze Economiche E Commerciali 44(2), pp.299-312tku_id: 000120031en0035-675<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58092</url></record></links>
15 86/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Optimal Tariffs with Endogenous Production Location , [86-1] :Optimal Tariffs with Endogenous Production Location期刊論文Optimal Tariffs with Endogenous Production Location麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Hwang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系Blackwell PublishingReview of International Economies 5(3), pp.324-332tku_id: 000120031en1467-9396<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58087</url></record></links>
16 95/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Technological Upgrading under Tariffs and Equivalent Quotas , [95-1] :Technological Upgrading under Tariffs and Equivalent Quotas期刊論文Technological Upgrading under Tariffs and Equivalent Quotas麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Chiou, Jiunn-rong; Hwang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系Blackwell PublishingReview of International Economics 14(5), pp.849-858tku_id: 000120031; 000087889;Submitted by 曉芬 游 (139570@mail.tku.edu.tw) on 2011-09-29T02:55:58Z No. of bitstreams: 0;Made available in DSpace on 2011-09-29T02:55:59Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0en1467-9396EconLitHwang, Hong<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58086</url></record></links>
17 90/2 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 The Tariff-Jumping Argument and Location Theory , [90-2] :The Tariff-Jumping Argument and Location Theory期刊論文The Tariff-Jumping Argument and Location Theory麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Huang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系Blackwell PublishingReview of International Economics 10(2), pp.361-368tku_id: 000120031en1467-9396國外否GBR<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58085</url></record></links>
18 97/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Economic geography with tariff competition , [97-1] :Economic geography with tariff competition期刊論文Economic geography with tariff competitionMai, Chao-Cheng; Peng, Shin-Kun; Tabuchi, Takatoshi淡江大學產業經濟學系Trade liberalization; Tariff competition; Economic geography; Core-periphery; Trade costsAmsterdam: Elsevier BV * North-HollandRegional Science and Urban Economics 38(5), pp.478-486A simple two-country model of economic geography is constructed in order to examine the effect of tariff competition on the spatial distribution of manufacturing activities as well as on welfare. We show that when the transport cost is small, tariff competition with firm migration leads to a core-periphery economy, where one of the two countries imposes no tariff in Nash equilibrium. We also show that when the transport cost is sufficiently large, both countries impose a positive tariff, which decreases the welfare of both countries.tku_id: 000120031;Submitted by 曉芬 游 (139570@mail.tku.edu.tw) on 2011-09-29T02:55:05Z No. of bitstreams: 0;Made availab
19 76/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Price, Profit and Market Share Effects of Tariffs, Volume Quotas and Ratio Quotas , [76-1] :Price, Profit and Market Share Effects of Tariffs, Volume Quotas and Ratio Quotas期刊論文Price, Profit and Market Share Effects of Tariffs, Volume Quotas and Ratio Quotas麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Hwang, Hong; Liu, Jung-chao淡江大學產業經濟學系Blackwell PublishingManchester School 55(3), pp.274-286tku_id: 000120031en1467-9957<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58059</url></record></links>
20 82/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Optimal Tariff on Imports from Imperfectly Competitive Labor-Managed Firms , [82-1] :Optimal Tariff on Imports from Imperfectly Competitive Labor-Managed Firms期刊論文Optimal Tariff on Imports from Imperfectly Competitive Labor-Managed Firms麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Hwang, Hong; Lin, Yen-shu淡江大學產業經濟學系John Wiley & SonsManagerial and Decision Economics 14(5), pp.469-474tku_id: 000120031en1099-1468<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58057</url></record></links>
21 78/1 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Tariffs versus Ratio Quotas under Duopoly , [78-1] :Tariffs versus Ratio Quotas under Duopoly期刊論文Tariffs versus Ratio Quotas under Duopoly麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng淡江大學產業經濟學系ElsevierJournal of International Economics 27(1-2), pp.177-183tku_id: 000120031en0022-1996<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58046</url></record></links>
22 76/2 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 On the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas under Duopoly: A Conjectural Variation Approach , [76-2] :On the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas under Duopoly: A Conjectural Variation Approach期刊論文On the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas under Duopoly: A Conjectural Variation Approach麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Hwang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系ElsevierJournal of International Economics 24(3-4), pp.373-380tku_id: 000120031en0022-1996<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58045</url></record></links>
23 69/2 產經系 麥朝成 約聘專任特聘研究講座 期刊論文 發佈 Tariffs, The Terms of Trade and Domestic Prices in A Monetary Economy: A Note , [69-2] :Tariffs, The Terms of Trade and Domestic Prices in A Monetary Economy: A Note期刊論文Tariffs, The Terms of Trade and Domestic Prices in A Monetary Economy: A Note麥朝成; Mai, Chao-cheng; Tsaur, Tien-wang淡江大學產業經濟學系中央研究院經濟研究所Academia Economic Papers=經濟論文 9(1), pp.181-184tku_id: 000120031en1018-161X<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/58028</url></record></links>
24 99/2 產經系 李順發 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Tariff, Growth, and Welfare , [99-2] :Tariff, Growth, and Welfare期刊論文Tariff, Growth, and WelfareLee, Shun-fa淡江大學產業經濟學系Two-country endogenous growth model;International knowledge spillover;Import tariff;Economic growth;WelfareBlackwell PublishingReview of International Economics 19(2), p.260–27699學年度李順發升等代表著作We develop a two-country (Home and Foreign) by two-good (consumption good and investment good) by one factor (capital) endogenous growth model with international knowledge spillover to study the relationship between an import tariff and economic growth and welfare. First, unlike the past literature, we do not need to make an assumption such that the growth rates between countries are identical in a balanced growth path (BGP). Second, we show that there exists a unique and saddle-point BGP with both countries being incompletely specialized. Third, a higher import tariff on the consumption good in the domestic country may boost (reduce) the rate of economic growth when the foreign (domestic) country has an absolute advant
25 84/2 國企系 賴錦璋 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Money, Tariff, and Terms-of-Trade Dynamics , [84-2] :Money, Tariff, and Terms-of-Trade Dynamics期刊論文Money, Tariff, and Terms-of-Trade Dynamics陳昭南; Chen,Chau-nan; 賴錦璋淡江大學國際貿易學系暨國際企業研究所政治大學經濟學系政治經濟評論2(1),頁1-6tku_id: 000098080;Made available in DSpace on 2009-11-30T10:21:01Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 0en1025-9643<links><record><name>機構典藏連結</name><url>http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/24415</url></record></links>
26 90/1 產經系 胡均立 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Tariff Policy and Environmental Qualities of Imported Goods , [90-1] :Tariff Policy and Environmental Qualities of Imported Goods期刊論文Tariff Policy and Environmental Qualities of Imported GoodsKou, Horn-in; Hu, Jin-li; Hwang, Hong淡江大學產業經濟學系Seoul: Sejong University, Sejong Institution, Center for International EconomicsJournal of economic integration 16(3), pp.313-343Tariff is a trade measure with both of the trade and environmental effects. This article analyzes the interaction between the tariff rate and the short and long run environmental qualities of imperfectly substitutive imported goods. In the first part, we analyze the effect of changing the tariff rate on the environmental qualities of imported goods. That is, the import country government sets up the tariff rate before the foreign exporters choose their environmental qualities. If improving environmental qualities reduces the rate of decrease of consumers' marginal utilities, then a reduction in the tariff rate results in higher environ-mental qualities; moreover, the long run environ-mental qu
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