||Introduction: Kawasaki disease (KD) may increase the risk of myocardial infarction or sudden death. In children, delayed KD diagnosis and treatment can increase coronary lesions (CLs) incidence by 25% and mortality by approximately 1%. This study focuses on the use of deep learning algorithm-based KD detection from cardiac ultrasound images.
Methods: Specifically, object detection for the identification of coronary artery dilatation and brightness of left and right coronary artery is proposed and different AI algorithms were compared. In infants and young children, a dilated coronary artery is only 1-2 mm in diameter than a normal one, and its ultrasound images demonstrate a large amount of noise background-this can be a considerable challenge for image recognition. This study proposes a framework, named Scaled-YOLOv4-HarDNet, integrating the recent Scaled-YOLOv4 but with the CSPDarkNet backbone replaced by the CSPHarDNet framework.
Results: The experimental result demonstrated that the mean average precision (mAP) of Scaled-YOLOv4-HarDNet was 72.63%, higher than that of Scaled YOLOv4 and YOLOv5 (70.05% and 69.79% respectively). In addition, it could detect small objects significantly better than Scaled-YOLOv4 and YOLOv5.
Conclusions: Scaled-YOLOv4-HarDNet may aid physicians in detecting KD and determining the treatment approach. Because relatively few artificial intelligence solutions about images for KD detection have been reported thus far, this paper is expected to make a substantial academic and clinical contribution.