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序號 學年期 教師動態
1 109/1 經濟系 陳怡宜 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 A hierarchical panel data stochastic frontier model for the estimation of stochastic metafrontiers , [109-1] 摘要:This paper proposes a stochastic frontiermodel with three composed errors, and therefore six error components. As in the metafrontier literature, firms belong to groups with a group-specific frontier. A firm has a level of short-run and long-run inefficiency relative to its group-specific frontier, as in existing models with two composed errors and four error components. But now there is also a group-specific inefficiency, that is, a shortfall of the group-specific frontier from the best practice metafrontier. The paper shows how to estimate this model and how to extract predictions of the various inefficiencies.
2 109/1 產經系 陳宏志 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 從博物館經營談未成年人文化近用之可能法律議題 , [109-1] 摘要:
3 109/1 化學系 王三郎 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Conversion of wheat bran to xylanases and dye adsorbent by Streptomyces thermocarboxydus , [109-1] 摘要:Agro-byproducts can be utilized as effective and low-cost nutrient sources for microbial fermentation to produce a variety of usable products. In this study, wheat bran powder (WBP) was found to be the most effective carbon source for xylanase production by Streptomyces thermocarboxydus TKU045. The optimal media for xylanase production was 2% (w/v) WBP, 1.50% (w/v) KNO3, 0.05% (w/v) MgSO4, and 0.10% (w/v) K2HPO4, and the optimal culture conditions were 50 mL (in a 250 mL-volume Erlenmeyer flask), initial pH 9.0, 37 °C, 125 rpm, and 48 h. Accordingly, the highest xylanase activity was 6.393 ± 0.130 U/mL, 6.9-fold higher than that from un-optimized conditions. S. thermocarboxydus TKU045 secreted at least four xylanases with the molecular weights of >180, 36, 29, and 27 kDa when cultured on the WBP-containing medium. The enzyme cocktail produced by S. thermocarboxydus TKU045 was optimally active over a broad range of temperature and pH (40–70 °C and pH 5–8, respectively) and could hydrolyze birchwood xylan to produce xylobiose as the major product. The obtained xylose oligosaccharide (XOS) were investigated for 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity and the growth effect of lactic acid bacteria. Finally, the solid waste from the WBP fermentation using S. thermocarboxydus TKU045 revealed the high adsorption of Congo red, Red 7, and Methyl blue. Thus, S. thermocarboxydus TKU045 could be a potential strain to utilize wheat bran to produce xylanases for XOS preparation and dye adsorbent.
4 109/1 大傳系 戴 昀 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Specificity, Conflict, and Focal Point: A Systematic Investigation into Social Media Censorship in China , [109-1] 摘要:Internet censorship mechanisms in China are highly dynamic and yet to be fully accounted for by existing theories. This study interrogates postpublication censorship on Chinese social media by examining the differences between 2,280 pairs of censored WeChat articles and matched remaining articles. With the effects of account attributes and article topics excluded, we find that article specificity raises the odds of being censored. Also, an examination on a collection of international trade articles indicates that such articles with textual units disclosing conflicts, even pro-regime messages, are also removed by the censors. This mixed-method study introduces focal point as a theoretical angle to understand China’s contextually contingent content regulation system and offers evidence based on large-scale, nonproprietary, and original social media data to investigate the evolving censorship mechanisms in China.
5 109/2 產經系 高國峯 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 The effects of parallel trade in two-sided markets , [109-2] 摘要:This study investigates the effects of parallel imports in two-sided markets, which may increase profits for manufacturers when products have a two-sided market nature. Additionally, parallel imports increase consumer surplus and social welfare in all countries if the network externalities from both sides are large enough. However, if one externality is small while the other is large, parallel imports can hurt consumers and welfare in all countries.
6 109/1 課程所 曾聖翔 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Exploring the impact of multimodal video-making on students' writing skills , [109-1] 摘要:Video-making projects have often been used to facilitate English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students’ active application of target language acquired in classroom settings to authentic learning environments. However, few empirical studies have focused on how the activity can foster and enhance EFL students’ writing skills. Fifty-seven EFL students participated in an 18-week study to investigate how employing different modes have enhanced their English writing skills. Data comprised (a) pre-and post-English writing tests and (b) reflective essays. Findings from the study demonstrated that students learned to be more inventive and skillful at utilizing different modes in meaning-making, as well as to be more self-regulated and conscious of diverse contexts and perspectives. Implications of the study are discussed.
7 109/1 土木系 葉怡成 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Discovering optimal weights in weighted-scoring stock-picking models: a mixture design approach , [109-1] 摘要:Certain literature that constructs a multifactor stock selection model adopted a weighted-scoring approach despite its three shortcomings. First, it cannot effectively identify the connection between the weights of stock-picking concepts and portfolio performances. Second, it cannot provide stock-picking concepts’ optimal combination of weights. Third, it cannot meet various investor preferences. Thus, this study employs a mixture experimental design to determine the weights of stock-picking concepts, collect portfolio performance data, and construct performance prediction models based on the weights of stock-picking concepts. Furthermore, these performance prediction models and optimization techniques are employed to discover stock-picking concepts’ optimal combination of weights that meet investor preferences. The samples consist of stocks listed on the Taiwan stock market. The modeling and testing periods were 1997–2008 and 2009–2015, respectively. Empirical evidence showed (1) that our methodology is robust in predicting performance accurately, (2) that it can identify significant interactions between stock-picking concepts’ weights, and (3) that which their optimal combination should be. This combination of weights can form stock portfolios with the best performances that can meet investor preferences. Thus, our methodology can fill the three drawbacks of the classical weighted-scoring approach.
8 109/1 資工系 葛煥昭 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Joint Data Collection and Fusion Using Mobile Sink in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks , [109-1] 摘要:Using a mobile sink for data collection from the sensors has been considered as a good way to prolong the network lifetime ofwireless sensornetworks (WSNs). To avoid the problems of long delay and data non-fresh, some previous studies selected a set of data collection points (CPs) and all the other sensors transmit their data to the closest CP in a multi-hop manner. Then the mobile sink only needs to visit and collect data from the selected CPs, reducing the path length of the mobile sink and the time required for collecting data from all sensors. This paper proposes a data collection mechanism, called DDCF, which uses a mobile sink to collect data in a heterogeneous WSN(HWSN), aiming to prolong the network lifetime while improving the surveillance coverage. The proposed DDCF mainly consists of CP selection and tree topology construction phases in each round. The CP selection phase takes into consideration multiple parameters including remaining energy, coverage contribution as well as data fusion degree and then dynamically selects CPs in each round for balancing the lifetime of CPs and improving the surveillance quality. In the tree topology construction phase, each sensor selects its parent by considering the remaining energy, data fusion degree and transmission success ratio, which aims to dynamically construct a tree topology for further reducing and balancing the energy consumptions of sensor nodes. Performance study shows that the proposed DDCF outperforms existing studies in terms of network lifetime, fairness as well as surveillance quality.
9 109/1 統計系 吳碩傑 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Statistical inference based on progressively type-II censored data from the Burr X distribution under progressive-stress accelerated life test , [109-1] 摘要:In this article, estimation problems for the Burr X distribution under a progressive-stress accelerated life test with progressive type-II censoring are studied. The stress is assumed to be a linearly increasing function of time. The inverse power law and the cumulative exposure model are considered. The classical and Bayesian estimations for the model parameters are obtained by using maximum likelihood method and Markov chain Monte Carlo technique,respectively. The asymptotic confidence intervals are constructed and highest posterior density intervals are also established. A simulation study is conducted to investigate the performance of the proposed point and interval estimations. Finally, a real data set is analysed for illustration.
10 109/1 風保系 蕭景元 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Group Firms' Access to Internal Capital Markets: The Contingent Roles of Group Resources and Affiliates' Financial Weakness , [109-1] 摘要:This study investigates how group's value maximization considerations determine affiliates’ access to internal capital. Previous studies have indicated that both the amount of group resources and affiliates' financial weakness are relevant to internal capital allocation decisions. Our study investigates how these two factors jointly affect affiliates' access to internal capital. By analyzing the effects of capital shortage on various financing channels in the context of insurance groups, we reveal that financially-weak firms' capital shortage positively affects the receipt of internal capital when groups own abundant resources. Conversely, when the amount of group resources is limited, those affiliates enjoying better financial conditions receive more internal capital to manage their capital shortage, and financially-weak ones do not; thus, such financially-weak firms exhibit increased tendency to use costly external capital to manage their capitalization. Our findings indicate that groups with less abundant resources tend to engage in“winner-picking” allocation decisions to maximize value.
11 109/1 法文系 鄭安群 教授 期刊論文 發佈 困擾十九世紀法國作家的若干法文文法問題 , [109-1] 摘要:Actuellement, le rôle que doit jouer la littérature dans la classe du FLE divise les didacticiens. Pourtant, dans le passé, cette question ne se posait pas. Bien souvent même, les grammairiens et les lexicologues recouraient aux textes des grands auteurs pour illustrer leurs descriptions de la langue. C’est toujours le cas actuellement dans quelques manuels de grammaire réputés (Grevisse, Wagner/Pinchon, Riegel/Pellat/Rioul), ainsi que dans des dictionnaires qui font autorité comme le Robert ou le Larousse. Mais cette question est inséparable d’une autre plus large, qui est la tension existant depuis toujours entre la grammaire et la littérature. Il est avéré que la langue des écrivains se caractérise par son écart par rapport à la langue usuelle ; celle-ci constitue, en revanche, l’objet privilégié de réflexions des grammairiens, et les enseignants du FLE sont chargés de la faire connaître à leurs élèves. Sans évoquer la complexité culturelle que véhicule le français littéraire, la langue de Molière est difficile à cause de ses nombreuses tournures. Les apprenants, plus précisément les Taïwanais sinophones dont nous analysons l’apprentissage dans la présente étude, après le stade élémentaire du français, vont rapidement découvrir que cette langue est faite de multiples nuances et subtilités, fixées plutôt par l’usage que par des contraintes logiques. Les difficultés sont telles que nous voyons même des auteurs chevronnés peiner dans leur écriture. Dans notre étude, nous examinerons quelques questions de grammaire soulevées par certains auteurs. Tant d’incertitudes chez eux rassurent nos apprenants. Ils découvrent qu’ils ne sont pas les seuls à s’évertuer dans l’apprentissage de cette langue, dont la maîtrise exige une longue patience, et beaucoup d’efforts d’assimilation des tournures, tant usuelles que littéraires.
12 109/1 化材系 陳逸航 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Economic Design of Solar-Driven Membrane Distillation Systems for Desalination , [109-1] 摘要:Solar-driven membrane distillation (SDMD) for desalination is a feasible method to solve water and energy resource issues. The design and operation of SDMD is different from continuous and steady state processes, such as common chemical plants, due to the intermittent and unpredictive characteristics of solar radiation. Employing the steady state and dynamic simulation models developed on the platform of Aspen Custom Modeler®, this paper presents a two-stage design approach for the SDMD systems using different types of membrane distillation configurations, including AGMD (air gap MD), DCMD (direct contract MD) and VMD (vacuum MD). The first design stage uses the steady state simulation model and determines equipment sizes for different constant-value solar radiation intensities with the objective of minimizing total annual cost. The second design stage is implemented on the SDMD systems with process control to automatically adjust the operating flow rates using the dynamic simulation model. Operated with the yearly solar radiation intensity of Taiwan, the unit production costs (UPCs) of the optimal SDMD systems using AGMD, DCMD, and VMD are $2.71, 5.38, and 10.41 per m3 of water produced, respectively. When the membrane unit cost is decreased from $90/m2 to $36/m2, the UPC of the optimal solar-driven AGMD system can be reduced from $2.71/m3 to $2.04/m3.
13 109/1 化材系 陳逸航 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Reactant Feeding Strategy Analysis of Sodium Borohydride Hydrolysis Reaction Systems for Instantaneous Hydrogen Generation , [109-1] 摘要:In this study, the operational procedure of an experiment and simulation for a hydrogen-on-demand system using sodium borohydride hydrolysis is proposed. For an isothermal operating condition of a packed-bed reactor, the dynamic response between the input NaBH4 feed (FNaBH4,0(S)) and the output hydrogen flowrate (FH2(S)) of the reactor can be analytically derived and is a first-order transfer function. The time constant of this transfer function is a function of the reciprocal of the product of the reaction rate constant and the catalyst weight into the liquid volume of the reactor. The kinetic parameters of Co-B/IR-200 catalysts are regressed from the experimental NaBH4 hydrolysis reaction. The result shows a 30 °C operating temperature increase (from 40 °C till 70 °C) can shorten the dynamic response time of the hydrogen generation rate by around two-thirds. From theoretical derivation, a feeding strategy which supplies the combination of impulse function and step function of the NaBH4 feed flowrate can produce a hydrogen-on-demand system. However, for real applications, a combined pulse and step function of the NaBH4 feed flowrate is used due to limitations in pump capacity. Hence, a systematic feeding procedure can then be constructed to achieve the US Department of Energy’s fuel cell start-up time target of less than 5 s. to produce hydrogen. Finally, the experiment was set-up to validate the simulation result.
14 108/1 英文系 林怡弟 教授 期刊論文 發佈 The Interrelationship Among Psychological Capital, Mindful Learning, and English Learning Engagement of University Students in Taiwan , [108-1] 摘要:This study aimed to investigate the interrelationship of psychological capital (PsyCap) and mindful learning for English learning engagement and the possible path from PsyCap to English learning engagement with mindful learning as the mediator for university students in Taiwan. Data from 245 Taiwanese university students were used to analyze their PsyCap, mindful learning, and English learning engagement. The results of structural equation modeling indicated that PsyCap predicted mindful learning, mindful learning predicted English learning engagement, and a complete mediation existsed with mindful learning as the mediator between PsyCap and English learning engagement. The findings suggested that training and practicing PsyCap and mindful learning may be effective in facilitating English learning outcomes.
15 107/2 數位資訊組 劉寅春 教授 期刊論文 發佈 LMI-based robust voltage tracking control for a class of renewable energy systems , [107-2] 摘要:This paper introduces a method of robust voltage tracking control for a class of renewable energy systems, which uses a linear matrix inequality (LMI)-based approach. A remodeling method is introduced where the nonlinear model of the renewable energy system is represented as a nonlinear combination of linear subsystems with state-dependent parameters (the so-called linear state-dependent parameter system model, LSDPM). Next, the remodeling method is applied to a boost converter, a photovoltaic (PV) system, and a wind energy conversion system as examples. A robust output voltage tracking approach is proposed based on the LSDPM. Using Lyapunov’s direct method, controller stability analyses are expressed as LMI formulations. Powerful numerical toolboxes then solve for the controller gains. The advantages of this approach include: i) the generalized remodeling technique is applicable to a wide variety of renewable energy systems; ii) it creates a unified LMI-based design framework for multiple control objectives; iii) it provides numerically solved control gains; and iv) it provides robust tracking control for the multiple objectives of renewable energy systems. Using an LMI-based robust voltage tracking controller is an accurate and effective method of control for many types of renewable energy systems. Finally, practical DSP-based experiments are carried out using the buck converter as an example. The satisfactory results of these experiments verify the theoretical derivations for this control method.
16 109/1 經濟系 林士全 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 The effects of uncertainties over R&D policy or market demand on R&D levels , [109-1] 摘要:This paper investigates how product market uncertainty and government research and development (R&D) subsidy uncertainty affect R&D levels in a duopoly with R&D rivalry and technological spillovers from an advanced large firm. Within this framework, one small firm and one large firm compete on R&D and output. We find that, if firms' R&D efforts are strategic complements, then the firms' R&D outputs would decrease due to increased uncertainty over R&D policy but would increase due to increased uncertainty over market demand. Thus, we conclude that different types of uncertainties exert different impacts on R&D investment decisions.
17 109/1 日文系 葉 夌 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 村上春樹『騎士団長殺し』における絵画 ―回復との関係を中心に― , [109-1] 摘要:『騎士団長殺し』は「絵を描く」ことを職業にする画家を主人公とする作品である。これまで特権化されてきた「文章を書く」ことがとって変わられたのは「自己療養」に関わると考えられる。生活のために肖像画を専門とする画家となった「私」は、自分のかつて目指した抽象画が描けなくなってくる。これは「私」の健全な結婚生活に関係するものである。結婚生活に不満を感じない「私」は「自分のための絵画」を描く意欲を失ってしまう。「自己療養」をする必要のない「私」は「自己療養」の手段である「自分のための絵画」が描けないのも当然の結果である。免色という他者を受け入れることによって、自分の暴力性を認識した「私」は「自分のための絵画」を完成する。したがって、喪失からの回復もなり遂げる。これは恰も「騎士団長殺し」を描いた雨田具彦と同じようなプロセスである。『騎士団長殺し』において、暴カは死をもたらすカとともに、生に繋がる力でもある。「騎士団長殺し』における絵画は未来を繋ぐものだと考えられる。
18 109/1 中文系 楊宗翰 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 林衡哲的出版夢——從新潮叢書與楊牧談起 , [109-1] 摘要:
19 108/2 水環系 簡義杰 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 A promising bioelectrochemical reactor integrating membrane distillation and microbial fuel cell for dual advantages of power generation and water recovery , [108-2] 摘要:In the present study, water recovery from wastewater was accomplished simultaneously with the electrical energy production from biofuel as a source of organic matter, by the novel integration of distillation membrane and microbial fuel cell to create a system called the membrane distillation microbial fuel cell (MDMFC). A hydrophobic 0.45 μm membrane made of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) was employed as a separator between the cathodic and anodic compartments to investigate multiple benefits of MDMFC for electricity generation, wastewater treatment and water reclamation at different temperature conditions. A high open-circuit voltage of 0.724 ± 0.07 V and a short circuit current of 64.55 ± 2.56 μA were achieved at 45 °C with an initial flux of 3.5 LMH. In the anodic chamber, Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, and Bacteroidetes were detected as dominant species at 45 °C, among which the Proteobacteria and Firmicutes were the most abundant sequences when an artificial substrate was used for feeding. The results indicate that 45 °C is the temperature that most significantly influences the electrochemical performance of MDMFC because of the dominance of bacterial community. Moreover, the power density increased by 99.9% when the temperature increased from 35 °C (0.99 μW m−3) to 45 °C (1552 μW m−3) and decreased by 97% when the temperature was further increased to 55 °C (43.91 μW m−3). Consequently, this study confirms that MD and MFC can be combined for the sustainable development of a water-energy nexus.
20 109/1 大陸所 曾偉峯 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 新冠肺炎疫情與中國的威權兩難 , [109-1] 摘要:
21 109/2 大陸所 曾偉峯 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 A King stifling voices of dissent? Popular Protests and State Responses in Xi’s China , [109-2] 摘要:
22 109/1 航太系 王怡仁 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Vibration reduction and stability analysis of damping rings on nonlinear free-free beam , [109-1] 摘要:Two damping rings (DRs) are added on a nonlinear free-free elastic beam to reduce vibrations. This elastic beam with free-free boundary conditions can be used to simulate the high speed aircraft fuselage vibrations. Both isotropic beam and compound beam with double-section are investigated. The beam is subjected to a distributed load with the harmonic wind force. The method of multiple scales ((MOMS) a perturbation technique) is employed to analyze this nonlinear problem in frequency domain. DRs with various locations, masses, spring constants, and damping coefficients are analyzed and the maximum amplitude counter plots (MACPs) are compiled to identify DRs’ combinations for the optimal damping effects. The Floquet theory is used to make the basin of attraction (BOA) charts and analyze the stability of the system. This research can be applied in a wide range of engineering problems, such as rocket structures, high-speed aircrafts, satellites, missiles, etc.
23 109/1 航太系 王怡仁 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Study of primary and internal resonance on 3D free-free double-section beam , [109-1] 摘要:This work investigates the primary resonance and internal resonance of a double-section beam with cubic nonlinearities. This model can be applied in a wide range of engineering problems, such as rocket and missile structures. Even space technology has been developed for decades; several nonlinear properties deserve further study, especially, for the internal resonance. The method of multiple scales (a perturbation technique) is employed to analyze this nonlinear problem. This study focuses on finding the forcing conditions of this 3D double-section beam to trigger the often-ignored internal resonance or prime resonance in rocket structures. A primary resonance is found on a uniform free-free beam at certain flight speed. The three-to-one internal resonance of the double-section beam occurs within the first and the second modes in the diameter ratio of 1/0.75 with the length ratio of 0.33 or 0.51. The semi-analytical results are verified by the time marching numerical method.
24 108/1 土木系 王人牧 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 矩形斷面高層建築之橫風向等效靜態設計風荷載模式之研究 , [108-1] 摘要:本文根據風洞試驗數據,建立了矩形高層建築的橫風向等效靜態設計風荷載模式。在本文所提出的橫風向風力頻譜經驗式中,給出了關鍵參數的具體物理意義。如此,經驗模式更符合目前對於高層建築所受橫風向風荷載的理解。未來在得到更多實驗數據的情況下,研究人員可以改進模式中各參數的數學式。將依據本文模式所得之風力係數和風力頻譜與風洞試驗數據進行比較結果令人滿意。本文使用大量的原型高層建築,以建築基底彎矩為標的,進行了本文建構模式與風洞試驗數據間的比較研究,在大多數情況下,橫風向等效靜態設計風荷載模式所估算的建築基底彎矩誤差均在10%範圍內或略為保守。結果令人滿意。
25 109/1 國企系 林志鴻 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Soft information in insurer lending and reinsurance under capital regulation , [109-1] 摘要:The paper develops a capped call option framework, explicitly integrating the borrowing-firm credit risk. Moreover, modelling the structural breaks in assets and volatility captures soft information about the insurer’s borrowing firm. We show that favourable soft information increases the optimal guaranteed rate and thus enhances policyholder protection. The negative effect of the reinsurance on the optimal guaranteed rate is more significant when obtaining negative soft information than when getting favourable soft information. The positive impact of stringent capital regulation on the optimal guaranteed rate in the negative soft information is less significant than that in the favourable soft information. Stringent capital regulation increases policyholder protection and the market-to-book equity value when the strict capital regulation is high, thereby contributing to insurance stability.
26 108/2 管科系 張紘炬 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Association between lifestyle factors and decreased kidney function in older adults: a community-based cross-sectional analysis of the Taipei City elderly health examination database , [108-2] 摘要:Background: Impaired kidney function is the hallmark of chronic kidney disease (CKD), and is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality in the elderly. In the present cross-sectional population-based study, we aimed to evaluate the associations between lifestyle factors (exercise habit, alcohol consumption, smoking history, and betel nut chewing) and decreased kidney function. Methods: The data from the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Database (2006 to 2012) were extracted. Associations between risk factors and reduced estimated Glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were evaluated by regression and stratification analyses. Results: A total of 297,603 participants were included in the final analysis, and 29.7% of them had reduced eGFR. Smoking was significantly associated with an elevated risk of reduced eGFR. While, physical exercise conferred to a significantly decreased adjusted odds ratio (aOR) in reduced eGFR (regular exercise, aOR = 0.79; occasional exercise, aOR = 0.87). Furthermore, the protective effect of exercise habit against reduced eGFR was not affected by comorbid conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: Engaging in physical exercise was beneficially associated with reduced eGFR in older individuals. Longitudinal or prospective studies are warranted for confirmation and extrapolation of the current findings.
27 109/1 管科系 張紘炬 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Risk Factors for Chronic Kidney Disease in Older Adults with Hyperlipidemia and/or Cardiovascular Diseases in Taipei City, Taiwan: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Analysis , [109-1] 摘要:This cross-sectional study aimed to compare risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older adults with or without dyslipidemia and/or cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in Taipei City, Taiwan. The data on 2912 participants with hyperlipidemia and/or CVD and 14,002 healthy control participants derived from the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Database (2010 to 2011) were analyzed. The associations between conventional CKD risk factors and CKD were comparable between participants with and without hyperlipidemia. Participants with high uric acid and BUN had a higher risk of CKD if they also had hyperlipidemia and CVD [odds ratio (OR) in uric acid = 1.572, 95% CI 1.186–2.120, p < 0.05; OR in BUN = 1.271, 95% CI 1.181–1.379, p < 0.05]. The effect was smaller in participants with hyperlipidemia only (OR in uric acid = 1.291, 95% CI 1.110–1.507, p < 0.05; OR in BUN = 1.169, 95% CI 1.122–1.221, p < 0.05). The association between uric acid/BUN and CKD was also observed in the healthy population and participants with CVD only. In conclusion, older adults with hyperlipidemia and CVD are at high of CKD. Physicians should be alert to the potential for CKD in older patients with hyperlipidemia and CVD.
28 108/2 品保處 莊秀禎 編纂 期刊論文 發佈 Cloud platform to improve performance outcomes: role of customer relationship management and innovation capabilities , [108-2] 摘要:Conceptualising implementation of cloud platform in the new product development (NPD) context is still rudimentary. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the relationships among implementation of cloud platform, customer relationship management (CRM), innovation capabilities, and NPD performance. This study empirically investigated a sample of NPD projects in the Taiwanese high-tech industry. The structural equation modelling (SEM) approach was used to validate the research model. The findings indicate that implementation of cloud platform is associated with level of customer relationship management. In addition, these analyses suggest that customer relationship management has a positive effect on innovation capabilities. Finally, innovation capabilities contribute significantly to NPD performance.
29 108/2 大陸所 陳建甫 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 A Path Forward: Taiwan's New Southbound Policy amidst the US-China Trade War , [108-2] 摘要:This study reviewed the origin of Xi Jinping's Belt and Road Initiative(BRI) and how Chinese state-owned companies help build infrastructure programs for the targeted countries. The study also illustrated how Tsai Ing-wen's New Southbound Policy(NSP) is different from former President Lee Teng-hui's "Southbound Policy". The propose of NSP is deepening Taiwan's engagement in southeast Asia, South Asia, Australia and New Zealand. Subsequently Tsai's administration inaugurated 5 flagship programs and 3 prospective areas so as to reinforce the relationships with the 18 partner countries in 2016. President Tsai further proposed that they must come up with more vision-orientated and forward-looking policies in 2019. This study explored the effects of the BRI and the NSP have on the ASEAN nations' diplomatic, as well as trading relations. ASEAN nations used to adopt a hedging strategy to manage both the US and China sides' influences. ASEAN nations believed that the NSP's human resource educational programs will never rival the BRI's infrastructure plans. However, after the waves of broken windows effects caused by Malaysia, Trump's Indo-pacific strategy, and US-China trade war, the scenario has gradually changed the current political, economic and military equilibrium status of Asia-pacific and Indo-pacific regions. Creating great opportunities for the NSP to quietly build up more platforms in order to break through the encirclement of the BRI. This study suggests that the further version of NSP will adopt a more proactive approach that'll be equipped with the competing visions of the trading geostrategy. Besides enforcing diplomatic relations, the NSP should strengthen the connection with seaport cities, Taiwan business, and industrial clusters and modify the priority items according to the needs of different countries and localities.
30 108/2 機械系 楊智旭 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Wear Value Prediction of CNC Turning Tools based on v-GSVR with A new Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithm , [108-2] 摘要:The dimensional accuracy of the workpiece will exceed the tolerance, therefore, to predict how many workpieces have been cut, the turning tool must be replaced is the important issue in machining field. To deal well with the normally distributed random error existed in the wear value prediction of CNC turning tools, this paper introduces the ν-Support Vector Regression (ν-GSVR) model with the Gaussian loss function to the prediction field of short-term wear value. A new hybrid evolutionary algorithm (namely CCGA) is established to search the appropriate parameters of the ν-GSVR, coupling the Chaos Map, Cloud model and Genetic Algorithm. Consequently, a new forecasting approach for the short-term wear value prediction of CNC turning tools, combining ν-GSVR model and CCGA algorithm, is proposed. The forecasting process considers the wear value prediction of CNC turning tools during the first few time intervals, the turning tool wear value for the spindle revolution, cutting depth and feed rate. It is used to verify the forecasting performance of the proposed model. The experiment indicates that the model yield more accurate results than the compared models in forecasting the short-term wear value on the turning tools. In this way, we can figure out how many turning tools to prepare for similar workpieces, which can reduce the stock of turning tools, and reduce the labor costs on quality inspection of workpieces during this period.
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