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1 108/1 化學系 王三郎 教授 期刊論文 發佈 New indications of potential rat intestinal α-glucosidase inhibition by Syzygium zeylanicum (L.) and its hypoglycemic effect in mice , [108-1] 摘要:Natural α-glucosidase inhibitors (aGIs) have been considered efective agents for type 2 diabetes management. In this study, Syzygium zeylanicum (L.) (SZL), a medicinal plant that grows wild in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, was reported for the frst time to have potential anti-diabetic properties. The methanol extract of SZL possessed potent rat intestinal α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with low IC50 and great maximum inhibition values of 109 µg/mL and 100%, respectively. This was higher activity than acarbose, an anti-diabetic drug with IC50 and maximum inhibition values of 540 µg/ml and 80%, respectively. In specifc inhibition tests, the herbal extract demonstrated strong inhibition against α-glucosidases from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Bacillus stearothermophilus with small IC50 values of 0.18 and 0.31 µg/mL, respectively. SZL extract also demonstrated potent inhibition against porcine pancreatic α-amylase with maximum inhibition and IC50 values of 99.2% and 3.7 µg/mL, respectively. SZL displayed high thermal and pH stability, with respective activities of 87% and 100–140% when treated at 100 °C or over a wide pH range of 2–13. The herbal extract was further investigated for its efcacy using ICR mice as the animal model. At a dose of 100 mg/kg BW, SZL signifcantly reduced blood glucose in mice and no signs of diarrhea were observed. The results from this study suggest that SZL, a potent and natural source of aGIs, may be a good candidate for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
2 108/2 資管系 戴敏育 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Do sharp movements in oil prices matter for stock markets? , [108-2] 摘要:Sharp movements, including sharp rise and fall of oil prices, may cause stock market fluctuations due to investors’ sentiments aroused. This study pioneers the exploration of trading performance when a sharp rise (fall) in oil prices occurs. We reveal several findings by employing the constituent stocks of DJ 30, FTSE 100, and SSE 50 as our samples. First, investors may profit from trading stocks after over 10% rise in oil prices because such an increase may be regarded as a positive signal of a momentum phenomenon. Second, continuous 2.5% and 5% fall in oil prices for two or even three days can be regarded as positive signals for China because the country is regarded as the largest oil-importing country. Third, trading these constituents’ stocks after over 10% fall in oil prices may result in a stock price rebound.
3 108/1 外交與國際系 游雅雯 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Indonesia's Foreign Policy toward U.S.'s Indo-Pacific Strategy in the Context of Rising China , [108-1] 摘要:
4 108/1 歷史系 高上雯 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 《史記》本紀「見盛觀衰」之作意 —以〈秦本紀〉、〈項羽本紀〉與〈呂太后本紀〉為例 , [108-1] 摘要:司馬遷《史記》首創紀傳體,十二本紀「罔羅天下放失舊聞,王迹所興,原始察終,見盛觀衰」。後世學者對於司馬遷〈秦本紀〉、〈項羽本紀〉與〈呂太后本紀〉的安排提出不同的見解,班固作《漢書》將項羽置於列傳,呂太后則置於〈惠帝紀〉之後;南朝宋人裴松之以「天子稱本紀」而有項羽、呂太后不當置於本紀之論,唐人司馬貞認為〈秦本紀〉、〈項羽本紀〉宜降為世家,〈呂太后本紀〉宜分為惠帝紀與高后紀兩篇。本文從《史記》本紀「見盛觀衰」之作意,探索司馬遷作〈秦本紀〉、〈項羽本紀〉與〈呂太后本紀〉的筆法,從而理解司馬遷以秦為主軸作為撰寫東周列國的興衰,以項羽的盛衰作為撰寫秦末漢興的發展,並以呂太后掌權始末作為撰寫漢高祖去世至文帝即位的大事;三篇皆展現司馬遷本紀體例欲「見盛觀衰」之意與宏觀的史識。 Sima Qian first created the history genre based on biography in Shiji, of which 12 chapters of the Benji recorded prosperity and decadence over dynasties. The scholars have different views about the category of Qinji (Annals of Qin), Xiang Yu Ji (Annals of Xiang Yu), and Empress Lu Ji (Annals of Empress Lu) in the Benji. This article discusses the writing style of Qinji, Xiang Yu Ji, and Empress Lu Ji to perceive Sima Qian chronicled the prosperity and decadence of the Eastern Zhou Kingdoms by Qin Dynasty as a kernel; chronicled the development from Qin to Han Dynasty by Xiang Yu's success and failure; chronicled the development from Emperor Gaozu of Han to Emperor Wen of Han by the beginning and the end of Empress Lu's regime. These three chapters expressed Sima Qian's intention of "observing prosperity and decadence over dynasties" and his gigantic view of the history in the Benji.
5 101/1 會計系 林凱薰 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 國家主權延伸至網路空間之討論 , [101-1] 摘要:網際網路加速了全球化的發展,將人類帶入了e化時代,形成跨越國界平行式互動的模式,動搖了以國家主權為基礎所建構的法律制度。各國致力推行網路化後所帶來的國家安全及利益上的威脅,使網路空間成為各國政府極力維護的目標,甚至在國際上引發許多不同層面的爭議。雖然在網路空間中並無國家主權立基的條件,但國家主權似乎已經延伸至網路空間之中。無論是基於攻擊上的防護,或是限制資訊的傳遞,都必需藉由彰顯國家主權的存在來執行。挹注國家主權新的意涵,在網路空間提供國籍識別,以及界定網路邊疆,是未來解決國際間網路衝突的有效解決方案。 The Internet has accelerated the development of globalization. It not only forms a parallel communication mode across states, but also changes the legal system constructed on the basis of national sovereignty. Governments are doing their best efforts to maintain the cyber space owing to the threat for national securities and interests are created from the cyber space worldwide. That leads to controversies of state sovereignty from different aspects. Although it is difficult to explore the state sovereignty in cyber space, but ineluctable, the controversies of state sovereignty have already existed among nations in the cyberspace. Whether to defense from a network attack or to limit the network information transmission, these must be through the state sovereignty to justify the actions. To resolve the international conflicts in cyberspace, international arbitration has to be involved thus a new implication of state sovereignty has to be explored, so that we can have a nationality identification mechanism as well as the boundaries of nations for the bases of arbitration in cyberspace.
6 105/2 會計系 林凱薰 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 The difference in strategic fit between Western and Asian countries - evidence from audit firms of Taiwan , [105-2] 摘要:It aims to examine the effect of business strategy and HRM strategy on organisational performance of audit firms in Taiwan. It also determines whether the organisational performance of audit firms with best strategic fit is better than those audit firms with non-fit. Questionnaires were sent to the audit firms and completed by the directors. These findings included: different business strategies do not have significant influence on performance; however, different human resources management strategies have significant influence on organisational performance; according to the fit between business and human resource management strategy, defender-accumulation, prospector-accumulation, and prospector-utilisation can result in optimal organisational performance. These empirical findings offer the decision making for field of the strategic management. This paper fills the gap in previous research and offers an important reference for practitioners in the choice and implementation of business and HRM strategies. It has confirmed the applicability of the resource-based theory and the contingency theory.
7 103/1 會計系 林凱薰 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Does Audit Firm Size Contribute to Audit Quality? Evidence from Two Emerging Markets , [103-1] 摘要:This study investigated whether the Big N audit firms in emerging markets can provide audits of high quality and mitigate information risk, by comparing the audit quality of Big N audit firms in Taiwan with those in China. The two countries share a similar cultural background and engage in frequent economic exchange; however, they have different legal systems and institutional environments. This study followed previous research in the use of bid-ask spread and discretionary accruals as proxy variables for information asymmetry and audit quality. Our results indicate that politico-economic differences between Taiwan and China influence the effectiveness of independent auditors when it comes to the mitigation of information asymmetry. Big N audit firms in Taiwan helped to mitigate information asymmetry and provided audit services of higher quality, whereas Big N firms in China were better able to constrain earnings management. Our results indicate that market concentration and market share have a stronger influence on reputation incentive and audit quality than does the size of an audit firm.
8 105/2 會計系 林凱薰 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Corporate Social Responsibility and Real Activities Earnings Management: Evidence from China. , [105-2] 摘要:This paper investigates whether corporate social responsibility (CSR) can constrain real activities earnings management (REM), focusing on the legitimacy pressures of CSR compliance in the Chinese context. The distinctive setting of the role of government in CSR allow us to draw new inference. We find that contrary to the criticism that mandated CSR policies is simply window dressing, strong CSR performers are more ethical in their reporting behaviors because they have incentives to maintain good relationship with stakeholders. However, the relationship is weaker for state-owned enterprises (SOEs), which suggests that SOEs tend to engage CSR to shape perceptions of their political legitimacy. Due to their lower level of managerial discretion over CSR activities, managers of SOEs tend to use CSR as their entrenchment strategy. Our results are also robust when controlling for the endogeneity of CSR. 本文旨在檢視以政令推動企業履行社會責任的情況下,中國上市企業非自發性的投入社會責任活動,是否會影響其實質盈餘管理行為。實證結果發現,即使企業社會責任政策係屬強制遵循,整體而言,仍有助於中國上市企業的道德意識,提供與利害關係人維持良好關係之誘因,進而減少其實質盈餘管理的行為。然而,上述結論在國有企業中是相對弱化的,顯示國有企業對於企業社會責任活動的管理裁量權較低,經理人基於政治正當性而履行企業社會責任,並藉由社會責任活動來掩飾其自利及盈餘管理行為。最後,在控制企業社會責任的內生性下,本研究發現仍維持穩健。
9 106/2 學動組 陳瑞辰 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 滿意度因素對淡江大學暑期游泳訓練班消費者再購意願影響 , [106-2] 摘要:目的:本研究以淡江大學暑期游泳訓練班之消費者為研究對象,調查不同背景消費者對游泳訓練班滿意度現況;比較不同背景消費者對滿意度之差異情形;再檢視游泳課程實際再購者之關鍵因素構面。方法:本研究以自編「淡江大學暑期游泳訓練班再購消費者滿意度調查問卷」為研究工具,於2015年7月20日至8月28日採合目標抽樣方式,進行問卷調查,回收有效問卷共200份,資料以描述性統計、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析以及邏輯斯迴歸分析等統計方法進行分析。結果:一、消費者以距離泳池路程6至10分鐘、與家人同行參與的8至9歲女性居多;二、消費者對整體滿意度之評價為滿意偏向非常滿意的水準,尤以「教練教學」的解釋變異量百分比最高;三、不同性別、年齡、參與形式與路途時間對滿意度之評價具有顯著性差異;四、「服務積極性」構面對消費者再購意願具有關鍵性影響因素。最後,建議經營業者應改善軟硬體服務品質、強化教學效能、建置意見回饋系統、提供多樣化開課期程、增進教練與服務人員溝通技巧、實施策略化招生與課程費用方案,並以創造尊榮感服務為最終目標。 Purpose: The purpose of this study was to construct the factors of core dimensions which were the consumers most concern. Aimed to understanding the core factors, consolidating and enhancing the most important dimensions which were consumers concern who participated TamKang University summer swimming course. Methods: A self-designed questionnaire (TamKang University Summer Swimming Course Consumer Satisfaction who had Repurchased) as a tool. Of the total consumer sampling surveys conducted from July 20 to August 28, 2015, 200 valid surveys were retrieved through Purposeful Sampling (consumers had repurchased). PASW 18.0 statistics software was used to process and analyze the data, including descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way MANOVA, and logistic regression. Results: The study indicated that the features of most frequent participating comsumer were 8-9 year old women, participating with family members, spent 6-10 minutes from swimming pool. The comsumers' overall evaluation was slightly near very satisfying level, eapecially in factor of "coach teaching". There were significant differences in evaluation of satisfaction between gender, age, participatory form and spending time. "Service positivity" had a key influencing factor in repurchasing intention. Improving the quality of software and hardware services, strengthen the teaching effectiveness, building feedback system, proving a variety of start-up period, enhancing the communication skills on coaches and service staffs, implementing strategy programs of enrollment and course fees, and creating a sense of honor and glory for the service as the ultimate goal.
10 88/2 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Compression mechanisms in the anisotropically bonded elements Se and Te , [88-2] 摘要:The compression mechanisms of the elements selenium and tellurium (which exhibit highly anisotropic bonding under ambient conditions) are explored. A combination of experiments and ab initio simulation (including generalized gradient corrections) is used to examine the structural and dynamic properties of these elements in detail. The effect of pressure on both these systems is to enhance the weak interchain bonding at the expense of the stronger intrachain covalent interactions. This is manifested by a pronounced mode softening of the intrachain vibrational modes under pressure as found from both Raman spectroscopy and simulation. A corresponding increase of the rigid-chain rotation mode is also revealed by the calculations. We also investigate pressure-induced polymorphism in these materials in order to resolve controversy concerning the high-pressure crystallographic structures.
11 91/1 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Magnetism and mechanical stability of α-iron , [91-1] 摘要:Ab initio electronic structure calculations employing the fixed-spin moment procedure and the generalized gradient correction are used to explore the mechanical stability of α-iron and related magnetic materials, including body-centered-cubic cobalt and ziconium. The mechanical stability is found to depend sensitively on the magnetization. At relatively low values of the magnetization, specific vibrational and elastic instabilities are identified and are interpreted in terms of the behavior of the electronic density of states at the Fermi level. These results also raise the possibility of influencing the stability of bulk magnetic phases by external fields.
12 95/2 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Nonresonant Inelastic X-Ray Scattering and Energy-Resolved Wannier Function Investigation of d-d Excitations in NiO and CoO , [95-2] 摘要:Nonresonant inelastic x-ray scattering measurements on NiO and CoO show that strong dipole-forbidden d−d excitations appear within the Mott gap at large wave vectors. These dominant excitations are highly anisotropic, and have [001] nodal directions for NiO. Theoretical analyses based on a novel, energy-resolved Wannier function (within the local density approximation+HubbardU) show that the anisotropy reflects the local exciton wave functions and local point-group symmetry. The sensitivity to weak symmetry breaking in particle-hole wave functions suggests a wide application to strongly correlated systems.
13 98/1 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Effect of covalent bonding on magnetism and the missing neutron intensity in copper oxide compounds , [98-1] 摘要:Theories involving highly energetic spin fluctuations are among the leading contenders for explaining high-temperature superconductivity in the cuprates1. These theories could be tested by inelastic neutron scattering (INS), as a change in the magnetic scattering intensity that marks the entry into the superconducting state provides a precise quantitative measure of the spin-interaction energy involved in the superconductivity2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11. However, the absolute intensities of spin fluctuations measured in neutron scattering experiments vary widely, and are usually much smaller than expected from fundamental sum rules, resulting in ‘missing’ INS intensity2,3,4,5,12,13. Here, we solve this problem by studying magnetic excitations in the one-dimensional related compound, Sr2CuO3, for which an exact theory of the dynamical spin response has recently been developed. In this case, the missing INS intensity can be unambiguously identified and associated with the strongly covalent nature of magnetic orbitals. We find that whereas the energies of spin excitations in Sr2CuO3 are well described by the nearest-neighbour spin-1/2 Heisenberg Hamiltonian, the corresponding magnetic INS intensities are modified markedly by the strong 2p–3d hybridization of Cu and O states. Hence, the ionic picture of magnetism, where spins reside on the atomic-like 3d orbitals of Cu2+ ions, fails markedly in the cuprates.
14 98/2 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Unfolding first-principles band structures , [98-2] 摘要:A general method is presented to unfold band structures of first-principles supercell calculations with proper spectral weight, allowing easier visualization of the electronic structure and the degree of broken translational symmetry. The resulting unfolded band structures contain additional rich information from the Kohn-Sham orbitals, and absorb the structure factor that makes them ideal for a direct comparison with angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy experiments. With negligible computational expense via the use of Wannier functions, this simple method has great practical value in the studies of a wide range of materials containing impurities, vacancies, lattice distortions, or spontaneous long-range orders.
15 98/2 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Coupling of spin and orbital excitations in the iron-based superconductor FeSe0.5Te0.5 , [98-2] 摘要:We present a combined analysis of neutron scattering and photoemission measurements on superconducting FeSe0.5Te0.5. The low-energy magnetic excitations disperse only in the direction transverse to the characteristic wave vector (12,0,0) whereas the electronic Fermi surface near (12,0,0) appears to consist of four incommensurate pockets. While the spin resonance occurs at an incommensurate wave vector compatible with nesting, neither spin-wave nor Fermi-surface-nesting models can describe the magnetic dispersion. We propose that a coupling of spin and orbital correlations is key to explaining this behavior. If correct, it follows that these nematic fluctuations are involved in the resonance and could be relevant to the pairing mechanism.
16 99/1 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 Unified Picture for Magnetic Correlations in Iron-Based Superconductors , [99-1] 摘要:The varying metallic antiferromagnetic correlations observed in iron-based superconductors are unified in a model consisting of both itinerant electrons and localized spins. The decisive factor is found to be the sensitive competition between the superexchange antiferromagnetism and the orbital-degenerate double-exchange ferromagnetism. Our results reveal the crucial role of Hund’s rule coupling for the strongly correlated nature of the system and suggest that the iron-based superconductors are closer kin to manganites than cuprates in terms of their diverse magnetism and incoherent normal-state electron transport. This unified picture would be instrumental for exploring other exotic properties and the mechanism of superconductivity in this new class of superconductors.
17 99/2 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 X-ray diffuse scattering study of local distortions in Fe1+xTe induced by excess Fe , [99-2] 摘要:We report x-ray diffuse scattering studies of the iron chalcogenide Fe 1 + x Te as a function of doping and temperature for x = 0 . 03 , 0.08, and 0.12. In all cases, remarkably strong, characteristic diffuse scattering is observed. This scattering extends throughout the Brillouin zone and exhibits a nonmonotonic decay away from the fundamental Bragg peaks, with a peaklike structure at a reduced q ≈ ( 0 . 3 , 0 , 0 . 6 ) . We interpret this scattering as Huang diffuse scattering resulting from distortions induced by the interaction between the excess Fe and the FeTe layers. The form of the scattering indicates that this interaction is strong and extends a number of unit cells away from the interstitial Fe site. Further, the diffuse scattering shows a sudden decrease on cooling through the structural and magnetic phase transition, reflecting the first-order change of the electronic structure of FeTe.
18 100/1 物理系 李啟正 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 dd excitations in three-dimensional q-Space: A nonresonant inelastic X-ray scattering study on NiO , [100-1] 摘要:We have studied the dd excitations in NiO over three-dimensional momentum (q) space using nonresonant inelastic X-ray scattering. In addition to the previously reported peaks at 1.7 and 3.0 eV, another peak is found at 1.0 eV, with a dramatically different intensity distribution in momentum space.Contrary to the other two peaks that form oval structures maximizing at [111] directions, the 1.0 eV peak displays appreciable intensity along low-symmetry axes near [311] and [210], but vanishes in the three principal axes [100], [110], and [111], indicating a significant difference in the exciton wave function.We find good agreement between the experimental data and two state-of-the-art theories, advocating investigating other strongly correlated materials with similar experimental/theoretical approaches.
19 98/1 國企系 許佳惠 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 美國海洋漁業補貼簡析 , [98-1] 摘要:
20 93/2 國企系 許佳惠 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 TRIPs 協定第31條藥品強制授權之回顧與展望 , [93-2] 摘要:
21 93/2 國企系 許佳惠 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 WTO醫藥專利與公共健康議題之研析-兼論我國未來之發展趨勢 , [93-2] 摘要:世界貿易組織;TRIPS協定;公共健康;強制授權;醫藥專利;專利法;杜哈部長會議;愛滋病;WTO;TRIPS agreement;Public health;Compulsory licensing;Pharmaceutical patent;Patent law;Doha ministerial conference;AIDS
22 92/2 國企系 許佳惠 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 我國半導體產業全球競爭策略探討與案例分析 , [92-2] 摘要:
23 106/1 國企系 謝志柔 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 公司治理與經營績效:以顧客知曉為干擾變數 , [106-1] 摘要:本研究使用臺灣公司治理100指數,探討公司治理與經營績效之關聯性,並檢驗公司治理指數100宣告時,成分股是否有正的異常報酬。研究樣本包括774家上市公司,研究期間為2012年至2014年。迴歸分析結果發現,公司治理與經營績效關係並不顯著;然而,顧客知曉對公司治理與經營績效關係具有顯著的正向干擾效果,隱含高顧客知曉成分股顯著地正向影響經營績效。事件研究結果顯示,當公司治理100指數宣告時,宣告前有顯著地正的異常報酬,特別是高顧客知曉成分股。 This study uses Taiwan Corporate Governance 100 Index to investigate the relationship between corporate governance and operating performance. In addition, this study examines if the announcement of corporate governance 100 (CG100) firms shows positive abnormal returns for the selected CG 100 firms. The sample consists of 774 listed firms, spanning the period from 2012 to 2014. Ordinary least squares regression results show that the link between corporate governance and operating performance is insignificant. However, customer awareness has a significant positive moderating effect on the link between corporate governance and operating performance, which implies that CG100 firms with higher customer awareness have a significant positive effect on operating performance. Event study finds that CG100 firms show significant, positive abnormal returns before the announcement of CG100 index, especially for CG100 firms with higher customer awareness.
24 103/1 國企系 謝志柔 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 全球創投產業發展趨勢:台灣創投業者何去何從? , [103-1] 摘要:本文綜述全球創投產業發展趨勢,且特別論及台灣創投業的狀況。除了彙整多元性的論據、數據及具體事證以抽繹出重要概念貫穿全文外,本文也使用文獻檢討方法,並聚焦於晚近的學術研究成果,更進而在此方法論的層面上提出具洞察力的見解及建言,俾供產官學各界參酌。作者發現各國創投業者從沒有像現在這樣認真地用國際化的視野來看待跨國投資佈局。絕大多數業者視透過與「奠定業界地位」的當地伙伴成立「跨國策略聯盟」為實現擴張地理區域的重要方式。此外,許多政府開始砸重金,旨在協助孵育新創公司及刻意建構出活躍的創投生態環境,以提昇國際競爭力。同時令人振奮的是,可望展開成長新頁的新興產業領域包括清淨科技、奈米科技、醫療器材和醫療服務。對台灣創投業者而言,能否獲得充裕的資金以持續金援新創公司是業者在國際舞台上維持競爭優勢的關鍵。因「國際化」乃一國經濟突破國界和地區上的藩籬向全球擴展至每個角落的過程,伴隨而來的「緊密合作」、「構想交流與激盪」及「企業跨境貿易」,促使台灣創投專業人士不得不擁抱多元化及汲取新知識和專門技術,以利跨越職能部門界限並積極合作。廣闊的國際視野固然重要;但同樣重要的是社會與文化制度是否鼓勵創投業者提升外語能力,並展現跨國職場移動力高的特質。雖然創投有各種不同的退場機制,文獻顯示最吸引創投的選項為通過「公開上市」退出。因此證券市場必須透明、流動性高且籌募資金機能強,以契合前途光明的企業的需求。因為創投公司對「創新創意」的發揮、「企業家精神」的孕育、「就業機會」的創造及「經濟成長」具有催化的力量,台灣政府的產業發展規劃中之各種施政措施也應包含消除創投執業中各種法律與規管上所带来的制度性發展障礙。再者,政府還應制定新措施鼓勵與支持「創意革新」和「企業家精神」。最後,身處「新經濟」時代的今天,唯有結合「科技創新」與「企業家精神」的國家才能成為令人敬畏的競爭者。 This article provides an overview of the development trends in the global venture capital industry, with particular reference to Taiwan. In addition to synthesizing key facts, data and evidence from multiple sources into a cohesive viewpoint, this article also employs a review methodology but focuses especially on findings from a recent set of empirical studies that offer insights and recommendations for practitioners, (from venture capitalists (VCs), to entrepreneurs, and to investors) law enforcement officers, and researchers. The author finds that VCs all over the world are taking the idea of global investing more seriously than ever before. Most of them view strategic alliances with established local players as a key method for geographic expansion. In addition, many governments have begun giving funds to help with the incubation of start-ups to establish vibrant venture capital ecosystems for global competition. Meanwhile, exciting new avenues for growth being explored include clean technology, nanotechnology, medical devices and healthcare services. To maintain a competitive edge in the global arena, it is critical for Taiwanese VCs to have access to abundant financial resources so that they can continue to fund emerging companies. As globalization is about breaking barriers to enable collaboration, the sharing of ideas, and the conduct of commerce between companies outside local markets, the Taiwanese VCs need to embrace diversity and acquire new knowledge and expertise in areas that involve multi-sectoral collaborations. An expansive vision of the world is important; however, as important are the socio-cultural institutions that encourage VCs to enhance foreign language skills and exhibit high levels of occupational and geographic mobility. While there are various venture capital exit mechanisms, the literature shows that the most attractive option is through an initial public offering. For this reason, a stock exchange should be transparent, liquid and capable of discharging its primary function of raising funds for promising companies. Because venture capital firms act as a catalyst for innovation, entrepreneurship, job creation and economic growth, the Taiwanese government must develop policies aimed at removing various legal and regulatory obstacles and hindrances to the practice of venture capital. Also, the government needs to enact new measures to encourage and support innovation and entrepreneurial spirit. In the end, those countries that can combine technology innovation with entrepreneurship will become formidable competitors in the "New Economy" era.
25 107/1 建築系 鄭晃二 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 Development of New Technology using Bamboo to Construct a Spiritual Place in the Gambia (Senegambia Region) , [107-1] 摘要:This paper evaluates the current conditions of Gambia and Senegambia Region low-income tropical housing with a focus on construction methods and materials in order to identify the key areas for improvement. Surveys are carried out to collect relevant information on prevailing construction methods/materials and on their environmental impacts in rural areas. Low quality, high waste, and energy intensive production methods, as well as excessive soil extraction and deforestation, are identified as the main environmental damage of the current construction methods and materials. The embodied energy is highlighted as the key area which should be addressed to reduce the CO2 emissions of low-income tropical housing. The results indicate that the embodied energy of fired bricks in Gambia more than general clay Keywords- Affordable Bamboo, Climate Change, Sustainability.
26 103/2 統計系 陳淑嬌 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 老人居住產業發展對區域經濟影響評估方式探討以新北市為例 , [103-2] 摘要:
27 108/1 會計系 韓幸紋 副教授 期刊論文 發佈 從人口老化及薪資停滯角度探討全民健保財務及保費負擔世代分配問題 , [108-1] 摘要:
28 103/2 統計系 陳淑嬌 助理教授 期刊論文 發佈 應用整合性科技接受模式探討醫院呼吸治療照護管理導入無線射頻辨識技術之成效 , [103-2] 摘要:無線射頻辨識(Radio Frequency Identification, RFID)技術近年來普遍被醫療相關產業使用,國內多家醫院已使用RFID識別技術藉以提昇醫院病患的醫療安全、增進醫療業務的作業效率及改善醫療服務水準。加護病房內呼吸衰竭重症病患使用的呼吸器,皆由呼吸治療師負責呼吸器管理與照護,以維持病患的生命需求,對於呼吸治療師而言,登錄錯誤就會發生整個醫療照護團隊對於病患臨床呼吸生理與疾病狀況評估產生錯誤,進而造成醫療延誤,因而危害病患的疾病療程;但部分醫院內的呼吸治療臨床照護作業至今仍是手寫資料登錄與人工病患辨識,人為辨識容易錯誤且登錄資料費時易造成作業效率低落。RFID在呼吸治療中被用於提升資料辨識的效率與正確性,且呼吸器為醫院的貴重儀器,透過RFID則可以有效的管理呼吸治療儀器設備,了解其設備之採購時間、使用率和維修狀況,以做為儀器設備效益分析之工具。有鑑於此,本研究以台灣某醫學中心呼吸治療師為研究對象,探討呼吸治療照護導入RFID技術效益之研究,以提升呼吸照護品質、醫療錯誤降低、縮短作業時間、作業效率增加、呼吸照護資訊交換及呼吸器追蹤管理。
29 107/1 統計系 吳碩傑 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Bayesian analysis for lognormal distribution under progressive type-II censoring , [107-1] 摘要:In this paper, we consider the problems of Bayesian estimation and prediction for lognormal distribution under progressive Type-II censored data. We propose various non-informative and informative priors for the unknown lognormal parameters and compute the Bayes estimates under squared error loss function. Importance sampling technique and OpenBUGS are taken into consideration for the computational purpose. Further, we predict lifetimes of both censored and future samples under one- and two-sample prediction frameworks. We also compute the corresponding Bayes predictive bounds. A simulation study is conducted to compare the performance of proposed estimates and a real data set is analyzed to illustrate applications of this study. Finally, a conclusion is presented.
30 107/2 資管系 鄭啟斌 教授 期刊論文 發佈 Solving multi-mode resource-constrained multi-project scheduling problem with combinatorial auction mechanisms , [107-2] 摘要:This study solves a multi-project, multi-mode, and resource-constrained project scheduling problem. Multi-mode means that the activities in a project can be accomplished in one out of several execution modes, each of which represents an alternative combination of resource requirement of the activity. The present study considers the case that the resources need to be allocated first to individual projects by the upper-level manager, and then the project manager of each project schedules the project to optimize its outcome. In view of such a hierarchical decision-making structure, this study uses bi-level decentralized programming to model the problem. The proposed solution procedure employs combinatorial auction mechanisms to determine resource allocations to projects. A regular combinatorial auction and a fuzzy combinatorial auction are used, respectively, for cases of hard and soft capacity constraints. The proposed solution procedure is evaluated by comparison with the results reported in the literature.
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