教師資料查詢 | 類別: 期刊論文 | 教師: 黃國楨 Hwang, Kuo-Jen (瀏覽個人網頁)

標題:Effect of membrane pore size on the performance of cross-flow microfiltration of BSA/dextran mixtures
學年100
學期1
出版(發表)日期2011/08/01
作品名稱Effect of membrane pore size on the performance of cross-flow microfiltration of BSA/dextran mixtures
作品名稱(其他語言)
著者Hwang, Kuo-Jen; Sz, Pan-Yu
單位淡江大學化學工程與材料工程學系
出版者Amsterdam: Elsevier BV
著錄名稱、卷期、頁數Journal of Membrane Science 378(1-2), pp.272–279
摘要The membrane pore size and operating condition effects on the filtration flux, membrane fouling and solute rejections in cross-flow microfiltration of BSA/dextran binary suspension are studied. Two flat sheet microfiltration membranes with mean pore sizes of 0.1 and 0.025 μm are used as filter media in these experiments. The filtration flux increases with increasing cross-flow velocity and filtration pressure because of less membrane fouling or higher filtration driving force. The filtration resistance caused by membrane fouling is much higher than that caused by concentration polarization or virgin membrane. This impact is more significant under higher transmembrane pressures. The membrane fouling extent due to dextran adsorption is expressed as pore size reduction and fouled layer depth, which can be estimated theoretically based on hydrodynamic models. The dextran rejection decreases with increasing Reynolds number in the membrane pores and approaches constant when the Reynolds number exceeds a critical value. This is attributed to the increase in wall shear stress and molecular deformation in the membrane pores. A higher cross-flow velocity results in higher dextran rejection because of the sweeping effect occurring on the membrane surface. The BSA rejection under various operating conditions can be reasonably explained by the membrane sieving effect. The BSA rejection decreases linearly with increasing pore size in the fouled membrane with no obvious cross-flow velocity effect on BSA rejection found. The effects of the dextran concentration and Reynolds number in the membrane pores on the dextran adsorption layer thickness are also discussed.
關鍵字Microfiltration; Membrane fouling; Cross-flow filtration; Membrane filtration; Bio-separation
語言英文
ISSN0376-7388
期刊性質國外
收錄於SCI
產學合作
通訊作者Hwang, Kuo-Jen
審稿制度
國別荷蘭
公開徵稿
出版型式紙本
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