||Pseudomonas aeruginosa K187, a protease- and chitinase-producing bacterium, exhibited protease and chitinase activity after three and five days of incubation, respectively. The protease and chitinase were both produced by using 1% squid pen powder (SPP) (w/v) as sole carbon and nitrogen source. After fermentation, the deproteinization rate of the recovered squid pen gradually increased up to 68% on the fourth day. After five days of fermentation, the production of GlcNAc, (GlcNAc)2, (GlcNAc)3, (GlcNAc)4 and (GlcNAc)5 were 1.18 mg/mL, 0.76 mg/mL, 1.02 mg/mL, 0.93 mg/mL and 0.90 mg/mL, respectively. The culture supernatant of K187 also exhibited activity of enhancing vegetable growth. For Brassica chinensis Linn treated with the fifth day culture supernatant, the total weight and total length increased up to 529% and 148%, respectively, compared to the control group. With this method, the production of protease, chitinase, N-acetyl chitooligosaccharides and biofertilizers may be useful for biological applications.